New discovery: the heart and core of aquatic ecosystem health

New discovery: the heart and core of aquatic ecosystem health

This new discovery identified what is the essence, heart and core of aquatic ecosystem health. This is a key to water sustainability.

The concept of ecosystem health became popular. What is the core of  ecosystem health in case of aquatic ecosystems (reservoirs, rivers, lakes, seas, estuaries)?

To answer this question, there are a lot of factors to be given attention. One of these factors was  underestimated and almost ignored until now. However, this factor became more visible after the  works conducted at M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University.

This factor is the ability of a healthy ecosystem to improve and maintain water quality, in other words, to perform self-purification of water.

The main features of water self-purification were discovered, described and put into a system  in   a series of  publications of 1998 – 2010 [1-9].

In addition to above-mentioned English papers, the same author published some articles in Russian [10-15]:

Moreover,  the various aspects of self-purification were analyzed in the books of 2004 -2008 [16-18].

Additional discussion of these publications is given at sites  [19-21].

These publications developed a new theory of water self-purification.

In conclusion, the analysis of current literature demonstrated that the ecosystem health of aquatic  -freshwater, estuarine, marine – ecosystems  includes the ability of the biological community to purify water (to perform water self-purification). The modern theory of water self-purification was developed by the author in a series of papers and books, 1998 -2010.

Literature

1. Ostroumov S. A.  Biological filtering and ecological machinery for self-purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems: towards a holistic view. // Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum. 1998. 91: 247-258.

2. Ostroumov S. A.  The Concept of Aquatic Biota as a Labile and Vulnerable Component of the Water Self-Purification System. – Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 372, 2000 , pp. 286–289. http://www.scribd.com/doc/49069991;

3. Ostroumov S. A. An aquatic ecosystem: a large-scale diversified bioreactor with a water self-purification function. – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2000. Vol. 374, P. 514-516.   scribd.com/doc/49065542;  http://www.scribd.com/doc/49069997; the paper gave a new insight into the core functions and identity of ecosystem as a bioreactor to maintain water quality;

4. Ostroumov S.A.  Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. – Hydrobiologia. 2002, vol. 469, p. 117-129; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52598579/;

5. Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and  concluding remarks. Hydrobiologia. 2002. V. 469 (1-3): 203-204. http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327/2H469p203-Polyfunctional-role-w-Addendum;

6. Ostroumov S.A. On the Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems: Elements of the Theory; Doklady Biological Sciences, 2004, v.396, No.1-6; pp.206-211. http://www.scribd.com/doc/48099028/4DBS-On-the-Biotic-Self-Purification-fulltext;

7. Ostroumov S. A.  Aquatic ecosystem as a  bioreactor: water purification and some  other functions.   –   Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum, 2004, 97 (1): 67-78

8. Ostroumov S. A.  On some issues of maintaining water quality and self-purification.- Water Resources, 2005. Volume 32, Number 3, p. 305-313. http://www.scribd.com/doc/57511892/

9. Ostroumov S. A. Biocontrol of Water Quality: Multifunctional Role of Biota in Water Self-Purification. – Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 2010, Vol. 80, No. 13, pp. 2754–2761. —http://www.scribd.com/doc/49131150; http://www.scribd.com/doc/73175163/; DOI: 10.1134/S1070363210130086;

10. Остроумов С.А. Концепция водной биоты как лабильного и уязвимого звена системы самоочищения воды // Доклады  РАН (ДАН).  2000. Т.  372. № 2. С. 279-282.

11. Остроумов С.А. Водная  экосистема: крупноразмерный диверсифицированный биореактор с функцией самоочищения воды // ДАН, 2000, Т. 374,  №3. С.427-429. www.scribd.com/doc/57970728/;

12. Остроумов С.А. О биотическом самоочищении водных экосистем. Элементы теории. // Доклады академии наук (ДАН), (2004), том 396. № 1, с. 136–141. scribd.com/doc/57774996/; http://sites.google.com/site/scipaperdan2004selfpurificat/;

13. Остроумов С.А. Биологический механизм самоочищения в природных водоемах и водотоках: теория и практика //   Успехи современной биологии.   2004. Т.124. №5. С. 429-442. http://scipeople.ru/publication/67095/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/57695131/

14. Остроумов С.А. О некоторых вопросах поддержания качества воды и ее самоочищения // Водные ресурсы. 2005. т. 32. № 3. С. 337-347.

15. Остроумов С.А. Элементы теории биоконтроля качества воды: фактор экологической безопасности источников водоснабжения (=Elements of the theory of biocontrol of water quality: a factor in the ecological safety of the sources of water) //  Химическая и биологическая безопасность. 2008. № 5-6. с.36-39. http://rudocs.exdat.com/docs/index-326746.html

16. Ostroumov S.A.  Biotic Mechanism of Self-purification of Freshwater and Marine Water. (Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, vol. 9) Мoscow: МAX Press. 2004.  96 p., Bibliogr. 59-85. Abstract in English. Section in English: p.53-58;  ISBN 5-317-01120-5.; http://scipeople.com/publication/99362/; In Russian:

Остроумов С.А. Биотический механизм самоочищения пресных и морских вод. Элементы теории и приложения = Biotic mechanism of self-purification of freshwater and marine water. http://scipeople.com/publication/99362/; М.: МАКС Пресс. 2004.  96 с. Библиогр.: c. 59-85. ISBN 5-317-01120-5.

17. Ostroumov S.A.  Pollution, Self-purification and Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems. Мoscow: МAX Press.  2005.  100 p.  Bibliogr.: 63-89. Glossary. Extended English abstract (p. 57-62), ISBN 5-317-01213-9. In Russian:

Загрязнение, самоочищение и восстановление водных экосистем = Pollution, self-purification and restoration of aquatic ecosystems. М.: МАКС Пресс. 2005.  100 с.,  Библиогр.: с.63-89. ISBN 5-317-01213-9.

18. Ostroumov S.A.  Aquatic organisms in water self-purification and biogenic migration of elements. Moscow. MAX Press. 2008. 200 p.  ISBN 978-5-317-02625-7. http://scipeople.com/publication/68016/. In Russian:

Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов. М. МАКС-Пресс. 2008. 200 с. Предисловие члена-корр. РАН В.В. Малахова. Библиогр.: с.155-191. (Серия: Наука. Образование. Инновации. Выпуск 9). ISBN 978-5-317-02625-7. http://scipeople.com/publication/68016/.

Some relevant sites:

19 Making water sustainable: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/06/making-water-sustainable.html;

20 Aquatic ecosystems… http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/07/aquatic-ecosystems-and-water.html;

21 Water quality… http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/07/water-quality-ecosystems-more-facts-to.html

**

**

About the author (Dr. S.A.O., Fulbright Award winner):

http://www.scribd.com/doc/80074854/

http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

Twitter: http://twitter.com/Sergeiost

Citation of this author:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/07/world-wide-and-international-citing-of.html

 

Key words:

reservoirs, rivers, lakes, seas, estuaries, Biotic Mechanism, Self-purification, Freshwater, Marine Water, Aquatic organisms, water, Pollution, Restoration, Aquatic Ecosystems,

 

Amazing grace: nature’s machine to treat water, to purify water

Amazing grace: nature’s machine to treat water, to purify water

The series of publications authored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov (M.V. Lomonosov Moscow University) discovered the ecosystem’s machinery that functions as a hi-tech mechanism to make water clear and pure, safe for human consumption. This was a secret of water quality and sustainability. This secret was discovered.  In the table given at some of the sites mentioned below, the reference to the key publications are given. Also, examples are given of the papers that cited  Dr. S. Ostroumov’s works.   These works were cited by experts and scientists from countries as diverse as U.S.A., France, U.K., Germany, Italy, Spain, Poland, Australia, Argentina, China, India…

See more detail at:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/54504932/;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/06/amazing-grace-natures-machine-to-treat.html;

International citation of research (Ecology, Environmental Sciences) conducted at Moscow State University, examples

International citation of  research (Ecology, Environmental Sciences) conducted at Moscow State University, examples.

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/16/100/ ‎

The achievement that was cited:

The ecological theory of how aquatic ecosystem and the biological community function toward improving water quality (both in freshwater and in seawater) was formulated in the well-cited paper of a scientist of Moscow University. This theory, inter alia,  discovered and analyzed – to a better degree than it was done before – the multi-aspect role of aquatic organisms that are filter-feeders. This achievement was used by the authors of the new paper co-authored by scientists of Poland, China, Korea. They used the theory to better analyze their new data on marine bivalve mollusk, marine mussels Mytilus.

Citation of a paper authored by a scientist (M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University) in the article (Poland, China, Korea):

**

http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

@sergeiost

http://twitter.com/Sergeiost

**Ecological Engineering, In Press, doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2011.10.017 ;

Testing the usability of sea mussel (Mytilus sp.) for the improvement of seawater quality—An experimental study.

 

Renata Brzozowska a, Zhenghong Sui b, Kyoung Ho Kang c,

Affiliation:

[a Department of Environment Protection Engineering, Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn, Prawochenskiego St. 1, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland; b Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, People’s Republic of China; c Division of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University, Dundeok-dong, San 96-1, Yeosu-city, 550-749 Jeollanam-do, Republic of Korea; Abstract:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857411003387

From the text: … Filtering processes create a possibility of removing chemical compounds, such as organic compounds, heavy metals and nutrients, from water ( [Todd and Josephson, 1996] , [Ostroumov, 2005] , [Zhou et al., 2006] and [Elliott et al.,2008] ). …].

The publication which was cited:

Ostroumov S. A. On the Multifunctional Role of the Biota in the Self-Purification of Aquatic Ecosystems . – Russian Journal of Ecology, 2005. Vol. 36, No. 6, P. 414-420. http://www.scribd.com/doc/45572968;

http://www.scribd.com/doc/49131150;

[on the journal: http://www.springer.com/life+sciences/ecology/journal/11184];

 

Other examples of citation of scientific research that was conducted at Moscow University by this scientist are given below.

** Scholars of these over 300 institutions (worldwide) have cited the publications (biology, ecology, environment) authored by this researcher: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60225505;

**Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Biology, updated; Citation of the works in the U.S.A. http://www.scribd.com/doc/79577206

**World-wide citing: www.scribd.com/doc/54504932;

**In Russian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/80564027/;

** Citation. The book ‘Biological Effects of Surfactants’ was cited by scientists of Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Austria, Slovakia, Germany, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Denmark, United Kingdom, Poland and other countries: www.scribd.com/doc/82403759/;

**Pictures of those who cited the publications authored and co-authored by this scientist – the authors and journals: http://www.scribd.com/doc/85161809/;

** List of many of the papers that cited:

https://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsergei/publications-that-cited-saostroumov

KEY WORDS:

Citation, Ecology, S.A.Ostroumov, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University, Ecological Engineering, Department of Environment Protection Engineering, Warmia and Mazury University, Olsztyn, Poland, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, People’s Republic of China; Division of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University, Dundeok-dong, Yeosu-city, Jeollanam-do, Republic of Korea; sea mussel, Mytilus, seawater quality,

 

 

Sum:Innovations, discoveries: science, environmental science, ecology, life sciences: some recent blog posts and sites.

Innovations, discoveries: science, environmental science, ecology, life sciences.

These are some recent blog posts and sites. Languages: English, Russian.

** New development, environmental science: A new website (group) on this book and the new area of science, biochemical ecology:

http://www.facebook.com/VvedenieVBiohimiceskuuEkologiu;

**innovative approach in the paper: Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. http://www.scribd.com/doc/52598579/; http://www.citeulike.org/blog/ATP/19016;

**Cited the Paper:  inhibitory Analysis of Top-down Control. new Keys to Studying Eutrophication…  :  http://www.scribd.com/doc/57034212/Cited-the-Paper-ostroumov-inhibitory-Analysis-of-Top-down-Control-new-Keys-to-Studying-Eutrophication-full-text-online-www-scribd-com-doc-52598579

**these  > 307 institutions and universities cited publications (biology, ecology, environment) on research conducted at Moscow State University on selected issues (examples)     http://www.scribd.com/doc/60225505/

**Впервые установлена способность ранее не изученных видов макрофитов снижать загрязнение воды  четырьмя тяжелыми металлами одновременно   http://ru.scribd.com/doc/76703422/

**A new area of science, a new scientific discipline: biochemical ecology – Биохимическая экология. Biochemical Ecology: http://bit.ly/JE2xav;

**Коротко об авторе: on the author: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732

**Welcome to a new group: Friends of Sergei and his research – Ecology, Environmental Science, Biology

http://www.facebook.com/groups/389138347792330; http://t.co/rOc98k1E

**lots of new data on innovation in environmental sciences are here:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/

**Environmental sciences, ecology, biology: formatted list of publications, with sites http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/environmental-sciences-ecology-biology_14.html

**Environmental sciences, ecology, biology: scientific results obtained at  Moscow State University: http://www.scribd.com/doc/93423426; http://www.scribd.com/doc/93423426/Environmental-sciences-ecology-biology-scientific-results-obtained-at-M-V-Lomonosov-Moscow-State-University-publications-aquatic-ecosystems

** Paralytic shellfish toxin studies, Philippines: university scientists cited the research on ecology conducted at Moscow: http://www.scribd.com/doc/93754665/Paralytic-Shellfish-Toxin-Studies-philippines;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/philippines-university-scientists-cited.html;

a new scientific concept: biomachinery:

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/04/new-conceptual

**

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/05/a-new-way-of-mining-gold-from-water-environment-nanomaterials-water-gold-know-how-using-biological/

** new conceptualization and terminology

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/04/80/

**

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/03/new-scientific-terminology-exometabolism/

**

A new page and site on Facebook, for Chinese-speaking scholars:

http://www.facebook.com/pages/Chinese-speaking-scientists-and-students-%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E7%A7%91%E5%AD%B8%E7%94%9F%E7%89%A9%E5%AD%B8/307815159293017

**

A new page and site on Facebook, for French-speaking scholars:

http://www.facebook.com/pages/French-speaking-scientists-Environment-Life-Science/293532834071760

 

Summary, Innovations, discoveries, science, environmental science, ecology, life sciences, recent, blog posts, sites,

Discovery: Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification)

Discovery: Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification)

Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification)

[Item 1 in the Series of files entitled: Legendary Discoveries];

There are a lot questions that are of key interest in our studies of ecological mechanisms that regulate, modify and form water quality in surface aquatic ecosystems. These questions are listed below.

 

Besides microorganisms, do the other organisms play a key role in improving water quality?

Which processes are the main ones which contribute to water self-purification?

Which organisms play key roles in improving water quality in aquatic ecosystems?

Which organisms, freshwater or marine are more involved in improving water quality?

How biological, chemical and physical processes are interacting in ecosystem in improving water quality?

Is it possible to organize a multitude of factors and processes of water self-purification into a few groups (categories, blocks)?

Is the self-purification potential of an aquatic ecosystem a certain constant or a labile parameter?

Is the mechanism of water self-purification vulnerable to external impact on the aquatic ecosystem, e.g. to the impact of chemical pollution with synthetic chemicals?

Answer was given in the papers

–see online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/:

**

Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of  biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. -Hydrobiologia, 2002,469: 203-204.

DOI 10.1007/s10750-004-1875-1;Full text free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327/; http://scipeople.com/uploads/materials/4389/;

**

S.A.Ostroumov. On the biotic self-purification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory. -Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 396,2004, pp. 206 – 211. http://www.scribd.com/doc/48099028/ ;

and some other papers by the same authors cited in those articles.

The series of these papers contributed to a new conceptualization of multifunctional role of organisms, biological community and ecosystem in improving water quality.

**

key words:

ecotoxicology, environmental, chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, environmental safety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, decontamination, water quality, self-purification, pollutants, biological, processes, anthropogenic, effects,

**

Short and direct annotations on what are the key innovations and the key discoveries in the publications of this author, in various languages including Armenian, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Moldovan, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian:

**

A note on the books by this author that are available in key world libraries in North America (libraries of the U.S.A., including Harvard University; Canada), Europe (national and university libraries of England, including Oxford, Cambridge; Germany; France; Switzerland; Netherlands; Sweden; Norway; Finland; Denmark; Belgium, Italy; Spain and other countries), Asia (Japan, China, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore and other  countries), Australia, New Zealand, see: http://www.scribd.com/doc/77617474/;

**

Updated January 20, 2012.

Where to find this file on PC: D:\2011\Main.Discoveries\NewFormat, without table\ 1.Legendary.Discoveries.Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality.docx

 

CONTENT:

The questions on improving water quality that were answered in this series of publications

Innovation / Discovery, in short;

Why it is useful;

Who cited the papers presenting various aspects of this innovation          ;

Where this innovation / discovery was published;

Other examples of key discoveries in ecology, environmental sciences, biology;

Citation: Scientists of which countries cited those discoveries;

Scientists of which institutions cited those discoveries;

A list of who cited those discoveries;

Other evaluations of works of this author;

About the author of these publications;

Modernization of education ;

Addition

About this author, in Russian: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

 

Interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology:

http://scipeople.com/group/380/topic/6102/;

www.scribd.com/doc/83168032/
INNOVATIONS, DISCOVERIES, in ecology, environmental sciences, biology
18 Items, in English;
List of Sites in Other Languages;
List of One-line Titles: Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology
**Part 1. SITES with comments IN SOME WORLD LANGUAGES:
In English:

In Chinese (simp.): http://www.scribd.com/doc/82323589/ In Chinese (trad.): http://www.scribd.com/doc/82374003/In French: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82323068/In-French In Indonesian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82369704/In-Indonesian;In Italian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82370780/; In Japanese: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82404969/In-Japanese; In Malay:http://www.scribd.com/doc/82409403/In-Malay; In Portuguese: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82463074/ In Spanish: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82469956/In-Spanish;.
Part 2. THE LIST OF THE DISCOVERIES, INNOVATIONS, FORMULATED IN ONE-LINE SENTENCES:
1. Innovative conceptualization: how ecosystems improve water quality.

2. Fundamentally new facts: hazardous biological and toxic effects of detergents.

3. Inhibitory analysis: A new method to explore top-down control in ecosystems.

4. A contribution to solution: the problem of criteria for environmental hazards.

5. A new contribution to solution: the problem of eutrophication.

6. New measurements: a quantitative estimate: the role of pellets of mollusks.

7. New facts, discovery: pollutants inhibit: fluxes (flows, transfers) of chemical elements.

8. Biomachinery. A new fundamental concept. New scientific term. Authored by Dr. S.A. O.

9. Modernized Terminology. A new improved definition. What is ‘ecosystem’?

10. New key facts. Scientific basis of technology. New phytotechnology: water treatment.

11. A new step. How to solve the problem. Stability of the biosphere.

12. A new component of the mechanism of regulation. Self-organization in the biosphere.

13. New serious hazards: low-level (sublethal) chemical pollution.

14. A new environmental hazard of pollution: damage to links between parts of ecosystems.

15. A new mechanism. How living organisms change the environment.

16. New fundamental concepts, terminology. Two-level synergism: man-made effects;

17. A new anthropogenic factor: initiation, stimulation of algal blooms.

18. New short list. The most urgent topics: environmental research in 21st
century

Addition:

interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

 

Key words:

regulation, trophic level, food chain, eutrophication, algal blooms, cyanobacterial blooms, red tide, brown tide, filter-feeders, bivalves, water bodies, streams,

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

About the author:

http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants.

 

 

Background.

In the previous parts of this series of the material posted, it was explained why it is so important to analyze the issues of aquatic environment, water quality, and related issues of how chemicals interact with aquatic organisms (see Part 1, [1]). Also, it was shown that aquatic organisms contribute a lot to improving water quality, as exemplified by the organisms that are filter-feeders (Part 2, [2]).

Goal.
In this material (which is item 3 to continue the series of previous posts on Environment, Water and Ecology [1, 2]), the goal is to consider additional eye-opening information on chemical pollutants of water, especially on the chemicals that until recently were considered as relatively safe, namely, synthetic surfactants.

Location in industrial products.

These chemicals – surfactants – are components of many industrial products of broad use: laundry detergents, shampoo, liquid soap, dish washing liquid detergents, cosmetics, car cosmetics, pipe washing mixtures (including pipes of various use, e.g., pipes for milk and pipes for gasoline), liquids for fire extinguishers, and even pesticide mixtures of broad use in agriculture, horticulture, and in making lawns and playing grounds for golf to look nice.

Variety of names.

These chemicals are known under various names: surfactants, detergents, tensides, surface-active substances, surface active agents.

Quantity. Discharge that pollutes the environment.

The daily discharge of surfactants to waste waters is more than 10 g per an average inhabitant of urbanized areas, which means a discharge of 10 thousand kilogram in a city of 1 million people, which is equal to 22 thousand pound every day or more than 6 million pound annually!

Safe or not?

Until recently the synthetic surfactants were considered as relatively safe chemicals. Their level of environmental hazard was considered far lower than the environmental hazards from the champions of pollution, the notorious ecotoxicants: heavy metals, chlororganic products, PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls), insecticides, herbicides, just to list a few …

Innovation and eye-opening discovery.

The point is that recent research [3 – 5] demonstrated that it was a wrong opinion. A key issue is the issue of criteria to use for assessment of  the environmental hazards of chemicals. Recently, a development of new criteria was made [3].
These criteria gave attention not only to easily visible lethal effects of chemicals (increase in mortality of the organisms tested in the experiments) but also to less noticeable sublethal effects (which decrease functional performance of the organisms and finally their health). Moreover, more attention was given to the ecosystem health.

New experiments showed a variety of negative effects of surfactants on bacteria and cyanobacteria, algae, higher plants and invertebrates, including mussels and oysters that are key organisms that are being grown in aquaculture [3-5].
The results on the new approach, and new experiments, were presented in a series of papers [4 ] and the book [5 ]. The results demonstrated that the synthetic surfactants pose a more serious hazard to environment, especially water environment [3 – 5], than it was previously thought.

This is the book [5], in which a large amount of innovative results of bioassay of synthetic surfactants and detergents is presented. As it was mentioned, the experiments discovered many negative effects of these chemicals on bacteria and cyanobacteria, algae, higher plants and aquatic invertebrates.

Bottom line.

As a matter of fact, the discovery is: a new hazard to environment, a new priority in preventing negative effects of chemical pollution, in prevention of deterioration of water quality.

Recognition: international scientific community.

The book mentioned and the related papers were cited by scientists of a number of countries as diverse as U.S.A., Germany, U.K., Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Austria, Spain, Turkey, China, Slovakia, and Argentina (in arbitrary order) [6].

Location of the laboratories.

This research was carried out at Moscow State University (Russia), Plymouth Marine Laboratory (U.K.), University of New York (U.S.A.), University of Maryland (U.S.A.), and the Institute of Biology of Southern Seas (Crimea, Ukraine). A concise summary was presented in [7].

Foam and surfactants: a contrasting variety of connotations, including Venus, or Aphrodite.

According to legends of the ancient Greek mythology, a foam produced by sea water was a place of birth of the goddess of love, Aphrodite (Venus in mythology of ancient Rome). Love (to Simonetta Vespucci, nicknamed la bella Simonetta) and the legend on Venus inspired a genius painter of Renaissance, Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli (c. 1445 – 1510), to create one of the most charming images of the cultural heritage of mankind: The Birth of Venus (in Italian: Nascita di Venere; 1486). However, the research project and the book that summarized its results and was mentioned above added some less charming connotations to another type of foam, namely the foam produced by synthetic surfactants.

Location of this post in the series of posts.

This post is No.3 in the series on Environment, Water and Ecology. The previous posts were:

[1] Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography.

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography


[2] on the discovery of the key role of organisms in making water clear http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/04/14/discovery-of-the-key-role-of-organisms-that-filter-water-and-make-it-clear/

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BIBLIOGRAPHY AND KEY SITES:
[1] Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography.

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography


[2] on the discovery of the key role of organisms in making water clear http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/04/14/discovery-of-the-key-role-of-organisms-that-filter-water-and-make-it-clear/
[3] new criteria for environmental hazards: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60891549; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49088234; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12852181; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52636721/
[4] series of papers on ecotoxicology of surfactants and detergents: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065593; http://www.scribd.com/doc/59417067/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52634169/; http://www.springerlink.com/content/p7754h672w814m30/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/45914806; http://www.scribd.com/doc/45958156/; scribd.com/doc/59544597/;
[5] on the book Biological Effects of Surfactants : http://www.scribd.com/doc/64066178/;
[6] on citation: www.scribd.com/doc/54504932
[7] summary: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545;

Addition:

interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

On the author: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

Key words:
Venus, Aphrodite, love, goddess, environment, detergents, surfactants, tensides, surface active substances, pollutants, ecotoxicology, environmental, chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystem services, marine, resources, environmental safety, protection, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, decontamination, book, biotesting, bioassay, phytotest, phytotoxicity, ecology, improving, water quality, environmental sciences, purification, self-purification, ecosystem health, freshwater, streams, water bodies, pollution control, sublethal, hazard assessment, aquaculture,

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography


Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology?
Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography.
About 400 billion gallons water is used worldwide each day. The goal of this material is to consider some publications in ecology and environmental science that are focused on aquatic ecosystems and their role in maintaining high level of water quality [see sites 1 – 4]. In pristine aquatic bodies – both marine and freshwater ecosystems – why is water pure, transparent, clear, of high water quality?
Until recently, the scientific fundamentals of this issue have not been completely understood. They were not understood until the recent series of papers authored by a scientist of M.V.Lomonosov Moscow University (see [2, 4]).
In this series of articles, what are the main ACHIEVEMENTS? The key achievements are making a new conceptualization and formulating a multi-aspect theory of how aquatic ecosystems and their biological communities with organisms of many biological species work towards improving water quality. These became the key achievements that were presented in the author’s publications [1-4, and therein].
To facilitate the innovative analysis and formulating a new theory, the author proposed some new scientific terminology [3] .
What are the relevant DISCOVERIES? They are some individual steps towards building this new conceptualization. They are 18 steps (discoveries) that were listed and described in [1].
Many experts think that the wars of future will perhaps be wars for water – in more precise terms, the wars for clear waters, for waters of good water quality. The theory mentioned above is perhaps an encouraging victory in another war – the eternal war of knowledge against ignorance.

 

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Bibliography and Key sites:
1. http://www.scribd.com/doc/83168032/INNOVATIONS-DISCOVERIES-in-ecology-environmental-sciences-biology-18-Items-w-shrt-List-in-English-List-of-Sites-in-Other-Languages;
2. http://www.scribd.com/doc/82780861/Key-References-more-than-50-with-annotations-on-what-is-new-with-sites-of-free-texts-In-English-Dr-S-A-Ostroumov-Ecology-Environment-Water;
3. http://www.scribd.com/doc/82868065/BioMachinery-for-Maintaining-Water-Quality-and-Natural-Water-Self-purification-in-Marine-and-Estuarine-Systems-elements-of-a-qualitative-theory;
4. http://www.scribd.com/doc/79546542/Bibliography-in-English-Environmental-Science-Ecology-Biology-List-with-annotations-http-www-scribd-com-doc-79546542;

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Key words:
Ecology, improving, water quality, fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography, environmental sciences, purification, self-purification, ecosystem health, ecosystem services, freshwater, marine, aquatic, resources, streams, water bodies, pollution control,