Article: Imbalance of Factors Providing Control of Unicellular Plankton Populations Exposed to Anthropogenic Impact.

Article: Imbalance of Factors Providing Control of Unicellular Plankton Populations Exposed to Anthropogenic Impact.

2001Volume 379 pp. 341-3.43;

S. A. Ostroumov;

DOI  10.1023/A:1011600213221;



Ostroumov S.A. Imbalance of factors providing control of unicellular plankton populations exposed to anthropogenic impact. – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001. Vol. 379, P. 341-343. 4 tables. Bibliogr.12 refs. (Translated from DAN 2001. Vol. 379. P.136-138). ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online). PMID: 12918370 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]. The paper presents and analyzes new experimental data on the effects of chemical pollution of aquatic medium on the abundance of unicellular plankton organisms. The following 6 types of effects of filter-feeders and chemical pollutants [surfactants and detergents (mixtures)] on phytoplankton organisms were found (examples were given in this paper in Tab.2): (1) Inhibition of growth (and abundance); (2) Growth stimulation in the presence of surfactants and detergents; (3) Decrease in abundance as a result of elimination of plankton cells from water by the freshwater mollusks Unio tumidus and rotifers; (4) Abundance decrease as a result of water filtration by the marine mollusks Mytilus edulis, M. galloprovincialis, and Crassostrea gigas; (5) Decrease in the efficiency of cell elimination from water caused by the TX-100-induced (5 mg/l) inhibition of the filtration activity of the freshwater mollusks U. tumidus; (6) Decrease in the efficiency of cell elimination from water as a result of inhibition of the filtration activity of the marine mollusks Mytilus galloprovincialis and Crassostrea gigas induced by surfactants and Avon Herbal Care (hair shampoo). A new parameter and formula were suggested: the efficiency of cell elimination from water, ECE. The following maximum values of ECE were found (at the concentrations of the chemical, mg/l, in brackets): (1) Detergent OMO, Unio tumidus, 186.7 (50); (2) Detergent Losk-Universal, Mytilus galloprovincialis, 551.7 (7); (3) Detergent Tide-Lemon, Mytilus galloprovincialis, 206.9 (50); (4) Detergent IXI, M. galloprovincialis, 157.8 (10); (5) Detergent Deni-Automat, Crassostrea gigas, 10 800.0 (30); (6) Detergent Lanza, Crassostrea gigas, 261.7 (20); (7) Detergent Vesna-Delikat, Crassostrea gigas, 200.0 (1); 

The tables in the paper: 

Factors of regulation of unicellular plankton abundance (Tab.1); effects of surfactants and detergents on phytoplankton abundance (Tab.2); 7 detergents inhibit filtration of 3 species of marine and freshwater molluscs (Tab.3); Mytilus galloprovincialis eliminates from water the cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and algae Pavlova lutheri = M. lutheri as a result of filtration (comparing the 2 processes at the same time, Tab. 4). 



 CONCLUSIONS. The results obtained in this work demonstrated and proved that certain pollutants might cause a substantial imbalance of the factors controlling unicellular plankton populations. Direct and indirect (mediated by organisms-consumers) effects of certain surfactant-containing mixtures on unicellular plankton could sum with each other, giving rise to mutual amplification. This may cause a complete imbalance of the system. The conclusions made in this work may be applied to unicellular plankton of both marine and freshwater ecosystems, including ecosystems subjected to eutrophication. The results contribute to issues of environmental safety and resource use sustainability. DOI 10.1023/A:1011600213221;


water_quality, water, unio, tumidus, theory, sustainable_use, suspension_feeders, shampoo, services, self-purification, regulation, quality, pollution, pollutants, plankton_populations, phytoplankton_control, pavlova, mytilus, lutheri, gigas, galloprovincialis, filter-feeders, eutrophication_prevention, environmental_safety, ecosystems, ecosystem, ecological_stability, detergents, crassostrea, control, bioeffects, aquatic, ecosystems, aquatic_biota, aquaculture, marine, гидробиология, моллюски, качество воды, самоочищение, аквакультура, марикультура,

Unio tumidus,  Mytilus galloprovincialis,  Mytilus edulis,  Crassostrea gigas, 

The Effect of Synthetic Surfactants on the Hydrobiological Mechanisms of Water Self-Purification

Article ranks 2nd among many papers.

The Effect of Synthetic Surfactants on the Hydrobiological Mechanisms of Water Self-Purification ;

DOI 10.1023/B:WARE.0000041919.77628.8d;;

Journal: Water Resources , Volume 31, Issue 5 , pp. 502-510 ;

Author: S. A. Ostroumov


The Effect of Synthetic Surfactants on the Hydrobiological Mechanisms of Water Self-Purification

The context below was calculated when this article was last mentioned on 8th January 2015;

Method of comparison: Compared to all articles in journal Water Resources:

So far Altmetric has tracked a number of articles from this journal. This article scored higher as 75% of them.

It Ranks 2nd;


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Key words:

water quality, filter-feeders, water, self-purification, bivalves, ecotoxicology, aquatic, ecosystems, ecotoxicants, pollutants, surfactants, detergents, new, discovery, hazards, protection of environment, ecology, environmental, toxicology,  Mytilus edulis, Mytilus gallprovincialis, Mytilus, Unio, phytoplankton, water filtration, marine, freshwater, mussels, oysters, suspension feeders, inhibition, bivalves, mollusks, toxicity, bioassay,

Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification

Article: Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification.

DOI 10.1023/A:1015559123646;;

Links to full text; citation;


Reference to the paper:

Ostroumov S.A. Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. Hydrobiologia. 2002. vol. 469, pages 117-129.

Citation of this paper:; Cited the paper:  Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication,… Hydrobiologia.

Key words: 

water quality, filter-feeders, water, self-purification, bivalves, ecotoxicology, aquatic, ecosystems, ecotoxicants, pollutants, surfactants, detergents, new, discovery, hazards, protection of environment, ecology, environmental, toxicology, Mytilus,  phytoplankton, water filtration, marine, freshwater, mussels, oysters, suspension feeders,

algal blooms, aquatic ecosystems, eutrophication, filter-feeders, Inhibitory analysis,  new, self-purification, studying, top-down control,  Crassostrea gigas, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Mytilus edulis,  Unio tumidus, Unio pictorum,


Full text online free:

the web site with the full text of this paper, and Addendum with relevant recent publications, free:

Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. – Hydrobiologia. 2002. vol. 469, pages 117-129;


Top-down control is an important type of interspecies interactions in food webs. It is especially important for aquatic ecosystems. Phytoplankton grazers contribute to the top-down control of phytoplankton populations. The paper is focused on the role of benthic filter-feeders in the control of plankton populations as a result of water filtering and the removal of cells of plankton from the water column. New data on the inhibitory effects of surfactants and detergents on benthic filter-feeders (freshwater mussels Unio tumidus, U. pictorum, marine mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, M. edulis, and oysters Crassostrea gigas) are presented and discussed. Importance and efficiency of that approach to the problems of eutrophication and water self-purification is pointed out. Chemical pollution may pose a threat to the natural top-down control of phytoplankton and water self-purification process. The latter is considered an important prerequisite for sustainable use of aquatic resources.


Examples of citation of this paper:


This file, with small changes, is also here:

FAQ on the paper: S. A. Ostroumov. On the Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems: Elements of the Theory.

FAQ: Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems.

Previous draft of this file:

FAQ on the paper:

S. A. Ostroumov. On the Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems: Elements of the Theory. – Doklady Biological Sciences. 2004. v.396,  pp.206-211.;  full text is online free:

self-purification, aquatic, ecosystems, conceptualization, new, ecology, environmental science, biology, ecotoxicology,  biological, ecotechnology, pollution control, bioassay, hazard assessment, xenobiotics, surfactants, detergents,  pollutants, bivalves, mussels, Mytilus, edulis,  galloprovincialis, oysters, Crassostrea, gigas, filtering, water, quality, ecosystem, safety, sustainability;



Answer: Self-purification is the complex process, or, more precisely, a set of natural processes in aquatic ecosystems, which lead to improving or maintaining water quality. Another term with a similar, but not completely the same meaning: assimilative capacity.



Answer: This is a high rank journal that is indexed by PubMed and Web of Science.

ABSTRACTED/INDEXED IN: PubMed/Medline, SCOPUS, EMBASE, Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), Google Scholar, CAB International, Academic OneFile, AGRICOLA, CAB Abstracts, ChemWeb, EMBiology, Gale, Global Health, INIS Atomindex, OCLC, SCImago, Summon by Serial Solutions;

Doklady Biological Sciences is a bimonthly journal presenting English translations of current Russian research in the anatomy, cytology, ecology, embryology, endocrinology, evolutionary morphology, experimental morphology, genetic, histology, hydrobiology, immunology, microbiology, morphology, parasitology, physiology, virology, and zoology sections of the Doklady Akademii Nauk (Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences). The Proceedings appear 36 times per year; articles from the selected biological sections are collected, translated, and published bimonthly. The article must be presented for publication by acting Russian or foreign members of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Editor-in-Chief: Yurii Osipov, President, Russian Academy of Sciences;

ISSN: 0012-4966 (print version);
ISSN: 1608-3105 (electronic version);

                                                          More detail on the journal see at the site:;



Answer: Just look on where the paper was cited: it was cited by the authors of other scientific articles who conducted their research in Europe, North America, and Asia (e.g., in China).



Answer: the results presented in the paper could be applied in explaining and predicting the behaviour of aquatic ecosystems, in securing the safety of the sources of water supply, in protecting biodiversity of aquatic organisms, in aquaculture, and in education.

These countries, regions will benefit from the theory of water self-purification:



 On the biotic self-purification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory. – DAN (Doklady Akademii Nauk), Vol. 396, 2004, No. 1, p. 136–141. [System of elements of the theory of biotic maintaining the natural purification potential of ecosystems]. The paper was awarded the honorary Diploma from the Academy of Water Sciences (2006). In Russ., translated into Eng.



Answer: In biology and ecology, one of the most fundamental and intriguing problems is stability of biological and ecological systems. What makes ecological systems stable under changing circumstances? In case of aquatic ecosystems, this issue is very much connected to the mystery of stability of aquatic habitats, i.e., water quality. This paper gives answers to that question.



Answer: the other discoveries by the same author (S.A.O.) are listed online:;


18 KEY INNOVATIONS: Dramatic, exciting, startling, revolutionary DISCOVERIES: ecology, environmental sciences, biology.


Environment, ecology: 18 innovations, other files online. Innovative conceptualization: ecosystems; water quality et al.

Ecology. Key Innovations, Discoveries. The material is a brief summary of innovations in the publications authored and coauthored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov: ecology, environmental science, biology, ecotoxicology, biogeochemistry, biological, self-purification, water, ecotechnology, pollution control, bioassay, hazard assessment, xenobiotics, surfactants, detergents, heavy metals, toxicity, phytotoxicity, nanomaterials,  pollutants, bivalves, mussels, Mytilus, edulis, galloprovincialis, oysters, Crassostrea, gigas, filtering, water, quality, ecosystem, safery, sustainability;



Answer: yes, and it is shown in the following article:

Aquaculture,   Volume 314, Issues 1-4, 2011, Pages 244-251;


Feeding activity of mussels (Mytilus edulis) held in the field at an integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) site (Salmo salar) and exposed to fish food in the laboratory. Bruce A. MacDonald a,  Shawn M.C. Robinson b and Kelly A. Barrington a;



Answer: those publications are available on the sites that are listed here:

Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. – Hydrobiologia. 2002. vol. 469, pages 117-129; [ key words: Improving water quality, sustainability, environment safety]

On Some Issues of Maintaining Water Quality and Self-Purification.  – Water Resources, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2005, pp. 305–313 [Translated from Vodnye Resursy, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2005, pp. 337–346]


1.Legendary.discoveries.(New Draft). Innovative Concepts of How Ecosystems Improve Water Quality. Theory of water self-purification.



Legendary.discoveries. 3 (NewDraft).Inhibitory analysis: New method to explore regulatory mechanisms, top-down control in ecosystems: issues of eutrophication, algal bloom, self-purification:

** On the multifunctional role of the biota in the self-purification of aquatic ecosystems. -RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, 2005, 36 (6): 414-420.


Ostroumov S. A. Basics of the molecular-ecological mechanism of water quality formation and water self-purification. – CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF ECOLOGY, 2008, 1 (1): 147-152.;




Answer: Some examples are below:

Estimation of critical nutrient amounts based on input-output analysis in an agriculture watershed of eastern China:

[PDF] from DJ Chen, J Lu, YN Shen, RA Dahlgren… – Agriculture, Ecosystems & …, 2009 – Elsevier

The concept of critical nutrient amounts (CNA) for a watershed was developed to address eutrophication in surface waters from diffuse (non-point) source pollution. CNA is defined as the maximum allowable applied or generated amount (AGA) of a nutrient from natural and human sources that …


SA Ostroumov. Biomachinery for maintaining water quality and natural water self-purification in marine and estuarine systems: elements of a qualitative theory:

[PDF] from SA Ostroumov – International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography, 2006 –

Basic elements are formulated for a qualitative theory of the polyfunctional role of the biota in

maintaining self-purification and water quality in aquatic ecosystems. The elements of the theory

covers the following: (1) sources of energy for the mechanisms of self- purification; (2) the …


Self-Purification of Water Current and the Role of Microbiological Transformation of Organic Matter in the System of the Selenga River and Its Delta:

EO Makushkin… – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2005 – Springer;

The purpose of this study was to determine the self- purification elements of the water current

of the Selenga River, the main water source of Lake Baikal, in its lower reaches. For this

purpose, we analyzed our own data on the effects of pollutants, including organic …


On studying the hazards of pollution of the biosphere: Effects of sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) on planktonic filter-feeders.

IM Vorozhun… – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009 – Springer;

The goal of this study was to test whether SDS has an inhibitory effect on the ability of planktonic

filter- feeders Daphnia magna to remove phytoplankton from water during their filtration

activity. Experiments were performed with five-day-old D. magna approximately 1 mm in …


Accelerated decrease in surfactant concentration in the water of a microcosm in the presence of plants: Innovations for phytotechnology;

EV Lazareva… – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009 – Springer;

Surfactants are an important group of membranotropic pollutants [1, 2]. Higher plants, including

aquatic ones, form the basis for phytotechnologies used to purify and remediate natural environment

polluted with various agents [3]. Aquatic plants (macrophytes) can serve as …


[PDF] 过水性湖泊自净能力的动态变化

[PDF] from任瑞 刘茂松 章杰明 张明… – 态学杂志, 2007 –

Self-purification ability of a water-carrying lake. REN Rui4li1 LIU Mao4song1 ZHANG Jie4

ming2 ZHANG Ming3 XU Mei11 School of Life ScienceNanjing UniversityNanjing

210093 China2 Suqian Bureau of ForestrySuqian 223800JiangsuChina3 …


Artificial neural network modelling of concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus and dissolved oxygen in a non-point source polluted river in Zhejiang Province, southeast …

D Chen, J Lu… – Hydrological Processes, 2010 –

A back-propagation algorithm neural network (BPNN) was developed to synchronously simulate

concentrations of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and dissolved oxygen (DO) in response

to agricultural non-point source pollution (AGNPS) for any month and location in the …


[PDF] The theory of the hydrobiological mechanism of water self-purification in water bodies: from theory to practice

[PDF] from SA Ostroumov –

Abstract. New data on effects of chemicals (surfactants) on water filtration by aquatic invertebrates

are reported. The basics of the new theory of the polyfunctional role of biota in self-purification

of water in aquatic ecosystems (lakes, rivers, man-made reservoirs) are formulated. The …


Kinetics of the enzymatic decomposition of macromolecules with a fractal structure;

BM Dolgonosov… – Theoretical Foundations of …, 2007 – Springer;

Study of the decomposition of organic matter in natural water ecosystems and industrial processes

such as the processing of wood and wastewater treatment is of current concern to the solution

of environmental protection problems. The basic hard-to-oxidize components of organic …


Decreasing the measurable concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in the water of the experimental systems containing Ceratophyllum demersum: The …

[PDF] from SA Ostroumov… – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009 – Springer

Development of VI Vernadsky’s theory of the biosphere has revealed new examples of how

organisms affect the physical and chemical parameters of the environment [1, 2], including the

characteristics of the aquatic environment [3, 4]. Natural aquatic ecosystems have …



许磊  陈英旭 姚玉鑫 梁新 周李… – 环境科学, 2010 –


中文期刊·专业文章维普专业检索错误号99 该篇文章不存在或已被移除

<<回到维普资讯首页关于我 | 客服中心 | 广告服 | 权合作 | 网站联盟 …


A related paper (Ostroumov, S. A. 2005. Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders. Hydrobiologia 542:275–286) was cited in this article:;

Caryn C. Vaughn, S. Jerrine Nichols, Daniel E. Spooner;

Community and foodweb ecology of freshwater mussels.

Journal of the North American Benthological Society 27(2): 409-423. 2008

doi: 10.1899/07-058.1;



Answer. Some of the recent papers by the same author are as following:

Biocontrol of Water Quality: Multifunctional Role of Biota in Water Self-Purification.-Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 2010, Vol. 80, No. 13, 2010, p. 2754–2761.


Publications. Ecology, Environment, Biology. 2009-2010. See online free:;

Areas of science: Ecology, Environment, Biology, Phytotechnology, Water quality, Bioassays: publications in 2009- 2010, authored and coauthored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov, in English and Russian languages. Some of the other related publications by the same author(s) see at:; Ecology, Environmental Science;;   World-wide and international citing of the publications…;



Answer: Yes, the concise summary is available online free:


18 KEY INNOVATIONS:  DISCOVERIES: ecology, environmental sciences, biology.


Environment, ecology: 18 innovations, other files online. Innovative conceptualization: ecosystems; water quality et al.


Environment, ecology: 18 innovations, other files online. Innovative conceptualization: ecosystems; water quality et al.


INNOVATIONS, DISCOVERIES, in ecology, environmental sciences, biology. 18 Items. Sites in Other Languages, List of One-line Titles.




Why the current measures against water pollution will fail for sure, if the new discoveries are ignored.


Recent web-sites: new and updated: 1500 words, 5 pages



Selected bibliography: ecology, biogeochemistry, env. science …


Theory of how aquatic ecosystem works toward improving water quality. New: ecological self-purification of water


31 Publications (life science, ecology, environmental science). Articles.


Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas,  Thalassiosira pseudonana, Synechococcus, Fagopyrum esculentum, Oryza sativa, 25 articles published:


Top of top. Environmental Science: blog posts


25 Top Innovations on Water Safety, Ecology. Selected, Indexed by Web of Science. Publications, With Comments on What is New. Publications with DOI;


Water quality and self-purification. Innovative paper of 2010, the reference and the site with the full text available online free.
Addendum: summaries of 25 related publications on environmental sciences.



KEY WORDS: frequently asked questions,

marine, freshwater, mussels, water self-purification, ecosystem, aquatic, water quality, pollutants,  pollution, biosphere, surfactants, detergents, sustainability, environmental safety, ecosystem services, organisms, functions, ecotoxicology, environmental toxicology, environmental chemistry, hydrobiology,

Toxicological, Bulletin, Doklady, Biological, Sciences, Akademii, Nauk, hazards, phytotechnology, phytoremediation, S.A.Ostroumov, water, university, xenobiotics, tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, Mytilus edulis, Mytilus galloprovincialis,

International citation of research (Ecology, Environmental Sciences) conducted at Moscow State University, examples

International citation of  research (Ecology, Environmental Sciences) conducted at Moscow State University, examples. ‎

The achievement that was cited:

The ecological theory of how aquatic ecosystem and the biological community function toward improving water quality (both in freshwater and in seawater) was formulated in the well-cited paper of a scientist of Moscow University. This theory, inter alia,  discovered and analyzed – to a better degree than it was done before – the multi-aspect role of aquatic organisms that are filter-feeders. This achievement was used by the authors of the new paper co-authored by scientists of Poland, China, Korea. They used the theory to better analyze their new data on marine bivalve mollusk, marine mussels Mytilus.

Citation of a paper authored by a scientist (M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University) in the article (Poland, China, Korea):



**Ecological Engineering, In Press, doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2011.10.017 ;

Testing the usability of sea mussel (Mytilus sp.) for the improvement of seawater quality—An experimental study.


Renata Brzozowska a, Zhenghong Sui b, Kyoung Ho Kang c,


[a Department of Environment Protection Engineering, Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn, Prawochenskiego St. 1, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland; b Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, People’s Republic of China; c Division of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University, Dundeok-dong, San 96-1, Yeosu-city, 550-749 Jeollanam-do, Republic of Korea; Abstract:

From the text: … Filtering processes create a possibility of removing chemical compounds, such as organic compounds, heavy metals and nutrients, from water ( [Todd and Josephson, 1996] , [Ostroumov, 2005] , [Zhou et al., 2006] and [Elliott et al.,2008] ). …].

The publication which was cited:

Ostroumov S. A. On the Multifunctional Role of the Biota in the Self-Purification of Aquatic Ecosystems . – Russian Journal of Ecology, 2005. Vol. 36, No. 6, P. 414-420.;;

[on the journal:];


Other examples of citation of scientific research that was conducted at Moscow University by this scientist are given below.

** Scholars of these over 300 institutions (worldwide) have cited the publications (biology, ecology, environment) authored by this researcher:;

**Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Biology, updated; Citation of the works in the U.S.A.

**World-wide citing:;

**In Russian:;

** Citation. The book ‘Biological Effects of Surfactants’ was cited by scientists of Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Austria, Slovakia, Germany, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Denmark, United Kingdom, Poland and other countries:;

**Pictures of those who cited the publications authored and co-authored by this scientist – the authors and journals:;

** List of many of the papers that cited:


Citation, Ecology, S.A.Ostroumov, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University, Ecological Engineering, Department of Environment Protection Engineering, Warmia and Mazury University, Olsztyn, Poland, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, People’s Republic of China; Division of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University, Dundeok-dong, Yeosu-city, Jeollanam-do, Republic of Korea; sea mussel, Mytilus, seawater quality,