Biodiversity protection is a necessary condition to maintain clean water, see the article titled: Biodiversity protection and quality of water: the role of feedbacks in ecosystems

Biodiversity protection is a necessary condition to maintain clean water. This is the main conclusion of the
article titled:
Biodiversity protection and quality of water: the role of feedbacks in ecosystems.;

DOI: 10.1023/A:1014465220673;
42 downloads by 26.01.2015. Ranking of this article increased recently (ranking on the basis of altmetrics score of attention online).
This paper is on the short prestigious, honorable list ‘Top papers, books on aquatic ecology, ecotoxicology’ at the largest global catalog, WorldCatalog [source:].
Innovative concepts that provide new arguments in biodiversity conservation, water ecosystem protection, protection of aquatic environment:
Ostroumov S. A. Biodiversity protection and quality of water: the role of feedbacks in ecosystems. – Doklady Biological Sciences. 2002. Volume 382, Numbers 1- 6, p. 18-21.
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The review (favorable) of this article was published at World Catalog; the review rated this article as excellent:
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The paper presents some new ideas and new facts:

** NEW IDEAS: The article presents a new concept of how biodiversity helps towards better stability and water quality, in other words, how biodiversity is involved in the ecosystem services. The author made an innovative analysis of his experimental data which led to the following fundamental conclusion: to maintain water quality, it is vital to protect the functionally active biodiversity of water ecosystems. In other words, according to this article, the protection of functionally active, including filter-feeders, is a key to maintenance of water quality.
** NEW FACTS. Among new facts: the laundry detergent (exemplified by a common detergent IXI) 20 mg/L inhibited water filtration by bivalves, marine mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis; in another series of experiments, the laundry detergent (exemplified by the detergent Deni-Automat) 30 mg/L also inhibited the water filtration by another species of bivalve mollusks, namely, oyster Crassostrea gigas.
DOI 10.1023/A:1014465220673.; MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica distributed exclusively by Springer Science+Business Media LLC. ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online).;;


Secrets of keeping nature in balance. Innovative discovery

A paper was published that discovered new hazards to keeping plankton in balance:

Imbalance of Factors Providing Control of Unicellular Plankton Populations Exposed to Anthropogenic Impact

Journal: Doklady Biological Sciences , vol. 379, no. 1, pp. 341-343, 2001
 The first discovery of how negative effects of pollutants (surfactants) on invertebrate animals (filter-feeders) may lead to a change (increase) in abundance of plankton organisms in water; the first data on how the effects of polluting chemicals on invertebrate animals (filter-feeders) may produce an imbalance in the set of the factors controlling the populations of plankton.

  • Detailed abstract:;
  • Ostroumov S.A. Imbalance of factors providing control of unicellular plankton populations exposed to anthropogenic impact. – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001. Vol. 379, P. 341-343. 4 tables. Bibliogr.12 refs. (Translated from DAN 2001. Vol. 379. P.136-138). ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online). PMID: 12918370 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]. The paper presents and analyzes new experimental data on the effects of chemical pollution of aquatic medium on the abundance of unicellular plankton organisms. The following 6 types of effects of filter-feeders and chemical pollutants [surfactants and detergents (mixtures)] on phytoplankton organisms were found (examples were given in this paper in Tab.2): (1) Inhibition of growth (and abundance); (2) Growth stimulation in the presence of surfactants and detergents; (3) Decrease in abundance as a result of elimination of plankton cells from water by the freshwater mollusks Unio tumidus and rotifers; (4) Abundance decrease as a result of water filtration by the marine mollusks Mytilus edulis, M. galloprovincialis, and Crassostrea gigas; (5) Decrease in the efficiency of cell elimination from water caused by the TX-100-induced (5 mg/l) inhibition of the filtration activity of the freshwater mollusks U. tumidus; (6) Decrease in the efficiency of cell elimination from water as a result of inhibition of the filtration activity of the marine mollusks Mytilus galloprovincialis and Crassostrea gigas induced by surfactants and Avon Herbal Care (hair shampoo). A new parameter and formula is suggested: the efficiency of cell elimination from water, ECE. The following maximum values of ECE were found (at the concentrations of the chemical, mg/l, in brackets): (1) Detergent OMO, Unio tumidus, 186.7 (50); (2) Detergent Losk-Universal, Mytilus galloprovincialis, 551.7 (7); (3) Detergent Tide-Lemon, Mytilus galloprovincialis, 206.9 (50); (4) Detergent IXI, M. galloprovincialis, 157.8 (10); (5) Detergent Deni-Automat, Crassostrea gigas, 10 800.0 (30); (6) Detergent Lanza, Crassostrea gigas, 261.7 (20); (7) Detergent Vesna-Delikat, Crassostrea gigas, 200.0 (1); The tables in the paper: Factors of regulation of unicellular plankton abundance (Tab.1); effects of surfactants and detergents on phytoplankton abundance (Tab.2); 7 detergents inhibit filtration of 3 species of marine and freshwater molluscs (Tab.3); Mytilus galloprovincialis eliminates from water the cells of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and algae Pavlova lutheri = M. lutheri as a result of filtration (comparing the 2 processes at the same time, Tab. 4). The results obtained in this work demonstrated and proved that certain pollutants might cause a substantial imbalance of the factors controlling unicellular plankton populations. Direct and indirect (mediated by organisms-consumers) effects of certain surfactant-containing mixtures on unicellular plankton could sum with each other, giving rise to mutual amplification. This may cause a complete imbalance of the system. The conclusions made in this work may be applied to unicellular plankton of both marine and freshwater ecosystems, including ecosystems subjected to eutrophication. The results contribute to issues of environmental safety and resource use sustainability. DOI 10.1023/A:1011600213221;

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    ·       Environmental sciences, ecology, biology: scientific results obtained at M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University, examplesA list of publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov, with sites of the full texts FREE, selected:

    ·       KEY WORDSaquaculture,  shellfish,  surfactants, detergents, filtering activity, mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis, xenobiotics, pollutants, bivalves, mollusks, assessment, environmental hazards, marine ecosystems, laundry detergents, dish washing liquids, pollutants, pollution, bioassay, water quality, self-purification, estuary, marine ecology, marine, biology, aquatic, toxicology, sodium dodecylsulphate, SDS, cationic surfactant, Animals, Feeding Behavior, physiology, Marine Biology, methods, Mollusca,  Surface-Active Agents, top innovations, discoveries,