New insight into ecosystem services. Article titled: On the biotic self-purification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory

A new insight into ecosystem services was provided in the article titled:

On the biotic self-purification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory. Article.

One of key benefits from normal function of healthy aquatic ecosystems is  the provisioning of clean  water, in other words, maintaining proper water quality (which is a result of water self-purification in ecosystem).  Until the time of publishing this article, no consistent and multi-faceted theory of water self-purification had existed. This article is the first publication to formulate such a theory that  elucidates and integrates multiple roles of aquatic organisms involved, including not only microorganisms but also macroorganisms, e.g., higher plants and invertebrates. Both plankton and benthic organisms are involved and their roles were discovered and analyzed in this article.
A more detailed description of the content of this paper:
This article presents a  new theory of biotic (biological) maintaining the natural purification potential of aquatic ecosystems. The fundamental elements are formulated for a qualitative theory of the multifunctional (polyfunctional) role of the biota (the biological community of aquatic organisms) in improving water quality and doing water self-purification in aquatic ecosystems. The  theory covers the following:
the sources of energy for the mechanisms of water self-purification;
the main functional blocks of the system of self-purification;
the system of the main processes that are involved;
the analysis of the degree of participation of the main large taxa; the reliability of the mechanisms of water self-purification; regulation of the processes;
the response of the mechanisms of water self-purification towards the external influences (man-made impacts, pollution);
and some conclusions relevant to the practice of environment protection.
In support of the theory, the results are given of the author’s experiments which demonstrated the ability of some pollutants (surfactants, detergents, and some others) to inhibit the water filtration activity of aquatic invertebrate filter-feeders, namely, the bivalve mollusks, including mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis, Mytilus edulis), and oysters (Crassostrea gigas).
More information on this article:

Laboratory of Physico-Chemistry of Biomembranes, Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Vorob’evy gory, Moscow, 119991 Russia.

Doklady Biological Sciences. 2004; 396:206-211.

Source: PubMed;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2015/01/on-biotic-self-purification-of-aquatic_22.html;

This paper is on the short prestigious, honorable list ‘Top papers, books on aquatic ecology, ecotoxicology’ at the largest global catalog, WorldCatalog

[source:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2014/09/the-series-of-publications-on-list-of.html].

This fundamental and innovative article was cited and commented favorably by scientists in many countries.

A Diploma (Academy of Water Sciences) – a certificate of high scientific quality – was awarded to the series of publications (on ecology, environmental science) including this article: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2014/07/award-july-1-2014-to-series-of.html;

The paper was bookmarked by members of ResearchGate.

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/200567576_On_the_biotic_self-purification_of_aquatic_ecosystems_elements_of_the_theory ;

This paper is on the short prestigious, honorable list ‘Top papers, books on aquatic ecology, ecotoxicology’ at the largest global catalog, WorldCatalog [source: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2014/09/the-series-of-publications-on-list-of.html].

This article was cited by scientists in Europe, N. America (U.S.A.), and Asia. Diploma (Academy of Water Sciences) – a certificate of high scientific quality – was awarded to the series of publications (on ecology, environmental science) including this article: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2014/07/award-july-1-2014-to-series-of.html;

The paper was bookmarked by members of ResearchGate.

DOI: 10.1023/B:DOBS.0000033278.12858.12; http://scipeople.ru/users/2943391/; https://www.researchgate.net/publication/200567576_ ;

This paper has a double impact as it is in the journal that is being published in 2 languages.

The Russian version of this paper was published:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/265294672_ ;

The reference to the Russian version: Doklady Akademii Nauk, V.396, No.1, 2004, p.136–141.

Attention attracted:  by 26st January 2015, this article was mentioned by  17 Facebook users; and a Google+ user. At ResearchGate: 143 downloads of this article,  6 bookmarks,  and 1007 views (by January 26, 2015);

It was mentioned at web-pages / links:

FAQ: Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems … – 5bio5

5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/faq-bioticselfpurification-of-aquatic.html ;
 

http://www.citeulike.org/user/ATP/article/6113556 ;

http://libra.msra.cn/Publication/38311417/on-the-biotic-self-purification;
http://istina.msu.ru/publications/article/591025/ ;

At citeulike.org,

key words:

theory, polyfunctional, multifunctional, role, biological, community, ecosystem service, ecosystem health, biota, improving, water quality, self-purification, aquatic ecosystems, sources of energy, mechanisms of water self-purification, functional blocks, reliability, man-made impacts, pollution, environment, protection, pollutants, surfactants, detergents, filtration activity, marine, filter-feeders, suspension feeders, bivalve, mollusks, mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis, Mytilus edulis, oysters, Crassostrea gigas, environmental safety, sustainable use, aquatic resources, sustainability, aquaculture, aqua-farming, protection of environment, top publications, pollution control, environmental safety, water, limnology, freshwater, marine, ecology, environmental toxicology, ecotoxicology, Moscow State University, hazard assessment, bioassays,

9 papers of 66 top ecology, environment articles, selected.

9  papers of 66 top ecology articles, selected.

bioassay, biotesting, hazard assessment, surfactants, detergents, water quality, water safety, aquatic ecosystems, self-purification, filter-feeders, bivalves, macrophytes,

66 top articles:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2013/12/9-papers-of-66-top-articles-selected_6.html

**

Steps to a new ecology. Updated to 66 abstracts.  Top ecology articles. Top environmental science articles. Top water ecology papers. Top ecotoxicology papers, books. Tags: bioassay, biotesting, hazard assessment, surfactants, detergents, water quality, water safety, aquatic ecosystems, self-purification, filter-feeders, bivalves, macrophytes, aquatic higher plants, toxicity.

Abstracts, web-sites and references of 66 publications that contributed to innovations in environmental sciences, ecology, environmental safety and water sustainability, authored and co-authored by scientists at Moscow State University, and co-authors (USA, UK, Germany). 

 

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/08/63-steps-to-new-ecology-updated-to-66.html

Updated, Former file: 56 steps to a new ecology;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/07/56-steps-to-new-ecology-56-publications.html

66 publications, some of them with comments on what is new, and what is done for the first time, with info on availability online or in U.S. libraries.

Key words:

Landmark publications, new step, innovations, discoveries, new conceptualization, new terminology, environmental, science, ecology, toxicology, water quality, safety, pollution control,

**

1.                          Innovative conceptualization of ecosystem’s biomachinery (a new scientific term that was proposed by the author; it means ecological mechanisms that include biological communities and biodiversity) which improves water quality. The innovative experimental data analysis, concepts, and generalizations in this article provide the fundamental elements of the new qualitative theory of biocontrol of water quality in a systematized form. The theory covers water self-purification in freshwater and marine ecosystems. The theory is supported by the results of the author’s experimental studies of the effects exerted by some chemical pollutants including synthetic surfactants, detergents, and other xenobiotics on aquatic organisms. The new fundamental conceptualization provides a basis for remediation of polluted aquatic ecosystems including purification of water bodies and streams, and briefly present the qualitative theory of the self-purification mechanism of aquatic ecosystems, phytoremediation and other types of technologies.

Reference:

Biocontrol of Water Quality: Multifunctional Role of Biota in Water Self-Purification. – Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 2010, Vol. 80, No. 13, pp. 2754–2761; Abstract: http://www.chemeurope.com/en/publications/211554/biocontrol-of-water-quality-multifunctional-role-of-biota-in-water-self-purification.html;

Abstract: http://www.scribd.com/doc/75101299/

Full text: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49131150/;               www.scribd.com/doc/49131150; http://www.scribd.com/doc/73175163/; DOI: 10.1134/S1070363210130086;

**

 

2.                          Review of ecotoxicology of nanomaterials:

Ostroumov S.A., Kotelevtsev S.V. Toxicology of nanomaterials and environment. – Ecologica.  2011, vol. 18, issue 61, pp. 3-10.

               www.scribd.com/doc/58103094/; http://scipeople.ru/publication/102825/

**

3.                          A new conceptualization which is based on his suggestion to identify a new type of matter in the biosphere. The author called it «ex-living matter»  (ELM). The author discusses his experiments (together with his co-authors) which provide the factual foundation to this conceptualization;

Some issues of chemico-biotic interactions and the new in the teaching on the biosphere / series: Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions. Volume 17.  Moscow, MAX Press, 2011.  – 20 p. ISBN 978-5-317-03710-9.;

               http://scipeople.ru/publication/102875/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/57818520/

4.                          A review of the author’s studies of aquatic organisms, mainly marine and freshwater invertebrates that are filter-feeders – biological filters – as an important part of the biosphere and hydrosphere. The studies were conducted in laboratories of four countries.
Biological filters are an important part of the biosphere // Science in Russia. 2009. № 2. P. 30-36. [The journal ‘Science in Russia’ is published by the Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences, both in English and in Russian; Nauka Publishers, Moscow; ISSN 0869-7078. www.ras.ru, ©Russian Academy of Sciences Presidium.]Full text free:

               https://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsa/ostroumov-sa-biological-filters-are-an-important-part-of-the-biosphere–science-in-russia-2009–2-p-30-36

Abstract, key words:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/104805842;

 

 

5.                          This paper formulated a fundamentally new solution to the problem of selecting criteria for identification and assessing environmental hazards of chemical pollutants, toxicants; the paper explains why the currently accepted set of criteria is non-efficient and leads to mistakes;
Criteria of ecological hazards due to anthropogenic effects on the biota:searching for a system. – Dokl. Biol. Sci. (Doklady Biological Sciences). 2000; 371: 204-206. Doklady Biological Sciences: ISSN PRINT: 0012-4966. ISSN ONLINE: 1608-3105.Full text online free:http://sites.google.com/site/2000dbs371p204criteria/;

http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065476/              www.scribd.com/doc/49088234;

Why this paper is useful: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60891549/;

Blog post:

Blog post on a closely related paper in Rivista di Biologia:

A closely related paper: A new set of criteria in order to answer the question was formulated in this paper: is a given chemical substance hazardous to environment or not?    Reference:

Ostroumov S.A.  Anthropogenic effects on the biota: towards a new system of principles and criteria for analysis of ecological hazards.- Riv Biol (Rivista di Biologia) 2003,  96(1):159-169. Review.

Full text online free:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/52636721/             PMID: 12852181 [PubMed – indexed; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52636721/3-System-of-Criteria;

key words:

innovation, new solution, criteria,  assessment, environmental, ecological, hazards, danger, chemical, pollutants, toxicants,

 

6.                          This paper is the first publication that considered an aquatic ecosystem as an analog of a bioreactor, with some specific features that were described in the paper.

This paper gave a revolutionary new insight into the core functions and identity of ecosystem as a bioreactor to maintain water quality;

Reference:

An aquatic ecosystem: a large-scale diversified bioreactor with a water self-purification function. – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2000. Vol. 374, P. 514-516. Full text online free:   www.scribd.com/doc/49065542; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49069997;

7.                          This paper was the first that  discovered the multi-faceted role of the entire broad range of aquatic organisms of all main groups of biodiversity in water self-purification. The conclusion was made that the complex of all the organisms, the entire biota is a unique (both changeable and fragile)  part of the mechanism of ecosystem service to improve water quality;

The Concept of Aquatic Biota as a Labile and Vulnerable Component of the Water Self-Purification System. – Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 372, 2000, pp. 286–289.

               http://www.scribd.com/doc/49069991;

8.                          It is the first paper that reported two new experimental results. First, the new author’s experiments measured the biota-driven fluxes of the matter and chemical elements in a model ecosystem.  Second, the authors got another innovative result: a discovery of effects of chemical pollutants. Namely, these biota-driven flows of the chemical elements were decreased by a chemical pollutant exemplified by a synthetic surfactant:

S. A. Ostroumov and M. P. Kolesnikov. Biocatalysis of Matter Transfer in a Microcosm Is Inhibited by a Contaminant: Effects of a Surfactant on Limnea stagnalis. [Lymnaea stagnalis] – Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 373, 2000, pp. 397–399. Translated from Doklady Akademii Nauk, Vol. 373, No. 2, 2000, pp. 278–280.

Variant of the title of the paper:

Biocatalysis of the matter transfer in a microcosm is inhibited by a contaminant: an effect of a surfactant on Lymnaea stagnalis. S. A. Ostroumov. – Dokl Biol Sci 2000,

Full text online free:  http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065530

 

www.scribd.com/doc/49069985;

9.                          The paper discovered new mechanisms triggering eutrophication and as a result, a  new solution to the problem of eutrophication:

The Synecological Approach to the Problem of Eutrophication. – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001,  v.381, No.1-6; pp.559-562.

Full text online free:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/50524170

DOI: 10.1023/A:1013378505630;

**

FAQ on the paper: S. A. Ostroumov. On the Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems: Elements of the Theory.

FAQ: Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems.

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/faq-biotic-self-purification-of-aquatic.html

Previous draft of this file:

FAQ on the paper:

S. A. Ostroumov. On the Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems: Elements of the Theory. – Doklady Biological Sciences. 2004. v.396,  pp.206-211.

www.springerlink.com/index/t0nv6rk522230175.pdf;  full text is online free:

self-purification, aquatic, ecosystems, conceptualization, new, ecology, environmental science, biology, ecotoxicology,  biological, ecotechnology, pollution control, bioassay, hazard assessment, xenobiotics, surfactants, detergents,  pollutants, bivalves, mussels, Mytilus, edulis,  galloprovincialis, oysters, Crassostrea, gigas, filtering, water, quality, ecosystem, safety, sustainability;

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Question. SELF-PURIFICATION. WHAT IS SELF-PURIFICATION?

Answer: Self-purification is the complex process, or, more precisely, a set of natural processes in aquatic ecosystems, which lead to improving or maintaining water quality. Another term with a similar, but not completely the same meaning: assimilative capacity.

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Question. WHAT KIND OF JOURNAL HAD PUBLISHED THIS PAPER?

Answer: This is a high rank journal that is indexed by PubMed and Web of Science.

ABSTRACTED/INDEXED IN: PubMed/Medline, SCOPUS, EMBASE, Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS), Google Scholar, CAB International, Academic OneFile, AGRICOLA, CAB Abstracts, ChemWeb, EMBiology, Gale, Global Health, INIS Atomindex, OCLC, SCImago, Summon by Serial Solutions;

Doklady Biological Sciences is a bimonthly journal presenting English translations of current Russian research in the anatomy, cytology, ecology, embryology, endocrinology, evolutionary morphology, experimental morphology, genetic, histology, hydrobiology, immunology, microbiology, morphology, parasitology, physiology, virology, and zoology sections of the Doklady Akademii Nauk (Proceedings of the Russian Academy of Sciences). The Proceedings appear 36 times per year; articles from the selected biological sections are collected, translated, and published bimonthly. The article must be presented for publication by acting Russian or foreign members of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Editor-in-Chief: Yurii Osipov, President, Russian Academy of Sciences;

ISSN: 0012-4966 (print version);
ISSN: 1608-3105 (electronic version);

                                                          More detail on the journal see at the site: http://www.springer.com/life+sciences/journal/10630;

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Question: HOW BROAD IS THE GEOGRAPHICAL RANGE OF THE AREA OF POTENTIAL RELEVANCE AND APPLICATION OF THE CONCLUSIONS THAT WERE MADE IN THE PAPER?

Answer: Just look on where the paper was cited: it was cited by the authors of other scientific articles who conducted their research in Europe, North America, and Asia (e.g., in China).

**

Question: WHERE THE RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS OF THE PAPER COULD BE APPLIED?

Answer: the results presented in the paper could be applied in explaining and predicting the behaviour of aquatic ecosystems, in securing the safety of the sources of water supply, in protecting biodiversity of aquatic organisms, in aquaculture, and in education.

These countries, regions will benefit from the theory of water self-purification: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/08/these-countries-regions-will-benefit.html

**

Question: IS THIS PAPER AVAILABLE IN OTHER LANGUAGES DIFFERENT FROM ENGLISH? Yes, it is available in Russian, see:

 On the biotic self-purification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory. – DAN (Doklady Akademii Nauk), Vol. 396, 2004, No. 1, p. 136–141. [System of elements of the theory of biotic maintaining the natural purification potential of ecosystems]. The paper was awarded the honorary Diploma from the Academy of Water Sciences (2006). In Russ., translated into Eng.

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Question: WHICH FUNDAMENTAL ASPECT OF BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY IS ASSOCIATED WITH THE ISSUES OF SELF-PURIFICATION OF WATER?

Answer: In biology and ecology, one of the most fundamental and intriguing problems is stability of biological and ecological systems. What makes ecological systems stable under changing circumstances? In case of aquatic ecosystems, this issue is very much connected to the mystery of stability of aquatic habitats, i.e., water quality. This paper gives answers to that question.

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Question: WHICH OTHER DISCOVERIES WERE MADE BY THE SAME AUTHOR?

Answer: the other discoveries by the same author (S.A.O.) are listed online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/51414359;

And:

18 KEY INNOVATIONS: Dramatic, exciting, startling, revolutionary DISCOVERIES: ecology, environmental sciences, biology. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/09/18-key-innovations-innovations.html

And:

Environment, ecology: 18 innovations, other files online. Innovative conceptualization: ecosystems; water quality et al. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/10/environment-ecology18-innovations-other.html

Ecology. Key Innovations, Discoveries. The material is a brief summary of innovations in the publications authored and coauthored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov: ecology, environmental science, biology, ecotoxicology, biogeochemistry, biological, self-purification, water, ecotechnology, pollution control, bioassay, hazard assessment, xenobiotics, surfactants, detergents, heavy metals, toxicity, phytotoxicity, nanomaterials,  pollutants, bivalves, mussels, Mytilus, edulis, galloprovincialis, oysters, Crassostrea, gigas, filtering, water, quality, ecosystem, safery, sustainability;

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Question: ARE THIS PAPER AND THE ISSUES COVERED IN IT RELEVANT TO AQUACULTURE?

Answer: yes, and it is shown in the following article:

Aquaculture,   Volume 314, Issues 1-4, 2011, Pages 244-251;

doi:10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.01.045;

Feeding activity of mussels (Mytilus edulis) held in the field at an integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) site (Salmo salar) and exposed to fish food in the laboratory. Bruce A. MacDonald a,  Shawn M.C. Robinson b and Kelly A. Barrington a;

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Question: WHICH OTHER PUBLICATIONS PROVIDE MORE DETAIL ON THE ISSUES COVERED IN THIS PAPER [BY S.A.O.]?

Answer: those publications are available on the sites that are listed here:

Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. – Hydrobiologia. 2002. vol. 469, pages 117-129; [ key words: Improving water quality, sustainability, environment safety] http://www.scribd.com/doc/52598579

On Some Issues of Maintaining Water Quality and Self-Purification.  – Water Resources, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2005, pp. 305–313 [Translated from Vodnye Resursy, Vol. 32, No. 3, 2005, pp. 337–346] http://www.scribd.com/doc/57511892

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1.Legendary.discoveries.(New Draft). Innovative Concepts of How Ecosystems Improve Water Quality. Theory of water self-purification. http://www.scribd.com/doc/104854412

**

 

Legendary.discoveries. 3 (NewDraft).Inhibitory analysis: New method to explore regulatory mechanisms, top-down control in ecosystems: issues of eutrophication, algal bloom, self-purification:  http://www.scribd.com/doc/104974742

** On the multifunctional role of the biota in the self-purification of aquatic ecosystems. -RUSSIAN JOURNAL OF ECOLOGY, 2005, 36 (6): 414-420. http://www.scribd.com/doc/104742632

**

Ostroumov S. A. Basics of the molecular-ecological mechanism of water quality formation and water self-purification. – CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF ECOLOGY, 2008, 1 (1): 147-152. http://www.scribd.com/doc/104724760;

** http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6882_scribd_fulltexts;

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/6766_EcologyEnvironmentonlinefree;

http://www.researchgate.net/profile/Sergei_Ostroumov/blog/5653_Water_Quality_Ecology_papers_available;

http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1899/07-058.1

**

Question: WHERE WAS THIS PAPER CITED?

Answer: Some examples are below:

Estimation of critical nutrient amounts based on input-output analysis in an agriculture watershed of eastern China:

[PDF] from hua.edu.vn DJ Chen, J Lu, YN Shen, RA Dahlgren… – Agriculture, Ecosystems & …, 2009 – Elsevier

The concept of critical nutrient amounts (CNA) for a watershed was developed to address eutrophication in surface waters from diffuse (non-point) source pollution. CNA is defined as the maximum allowable applied or generated amount (AGA) of a nutrient from natural and human sources that …

*

SA Ostroumov. Biomachinery for maintaining water quality and natural water self-purification in marine and estuarine systems: elements of a qualitative theory:

[PDF] from vliz.be SA Ostroumov – International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography, 2006 – vliz.be

Basic elements are formulated for a qualitative theory of the polyfunctional role of the biota in

maintaining self-purification and water quality in aquatic ecosystems. The elements of the theory

covers the following: (1) sources of energy for the mechanisms of self- purification; (2) the …

 

Self-Purification of Water Current and the Role of Microbiological Transformation of Organic Matter in the System of the Selenga River and Its Delta:

EO Makushkin… – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2005 – Springer;

The purpose of this study was to determine the self- purification elements of the water current

of the Selenga River, the main water source of Lake Baikal, in its lower reaches. For this

purpose, we analyzed our own data on the effects of pollutants, including organic …

*

On studying the hazards of pollution of the biosphere: Effects of sodium dodecylsulfate (SDS) on planktonic filter-feeders.

IM Vorozhun… – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009 – Springer;

The goal of this study was to test whether SDS has an inhibitory effect on the ability of planktonic

filter- feeders Daphnia magna to remove phytoplankton from water during their filtration

activity. Experiments were performed with five-day-old D. magna approximately 1 mm in …

 

Accelerated decrease in surfactant concentration in the water of a microcosm in the presence of plants: Innovations for phytotechnology;

EV Lazareva… – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009 – Springer;

Surfactants are an important group of membranotropic pollutants [1, 2]. Higher plants, including

aquatic ones, form the basis for phytotechnologies used to purify and remediate natural environment

polluted with various agents [3]. Aquatic plants (macrophytes) can serve as …

 

[PDF] 过水性湖泊自净能力的动态变化

[PDF] from cje.net.cn任瑞 刘茂松 章杰明 张明… – 态学杂志, 2007 – cje.net.cn

Self-purification ability of a water-carrying lake. REN Rui4li1 LIU Mao4song1 ZHANG Jie4

ming2 ZHANG Ming3 XU Mei11 School of Life ScienceNanjing UniversityNanjing

210093 China2 Suqian Bureau of ForestrySuqian 223800JiangsuChina3 …

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Artificial neural network modelling of concentrations of nitrogen, phosphorus and dissolved oxygen in a non-point source polluted river in Zhejiang Province, southeast …

D Chen, J Lu… – Hydrological Processes, 2010 – interscience.wiley.com

A back-propagation algorithm neural network (BPNN) was developed to synchronously simulate

concentrations of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and dissolved oxygen (DO) in response

to agricultural non-point source pollution (AGNPS) for any month and location in the …

*

[PDF] The theory of the hydrobiological mechanism of water self-purification in water bodies: from theory to practice

[PDF] from narod.ru SA Ostroumov – iirc.narod.ru

Abstract. New data on effects of chemicals (surfactants) on water filtration by aquatic invertebrates

are reported. The basics of the new theory of the polyfunctional role of biota in self-purification

of water in aquatic ecosystems (lakes, rivers, man-made reservoirs) are formulated. The …

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Kinetics of the enzymatic decomposition of macromolecules with a fractal structure;

BM Dolgonosov… – Theoretical Foundations of …, 2007 – Springer;

Study of the decomposition of organic matter in natural water ecosystems and industrial processes

such as the processing of wood and wastewater treatment is of current concern to the solution

of environmental protection problems. The basic hard-to-oxidize components of organic …

*

Decreasing the measurable concentrations of Cu, Zn, Cd, and Pb in the water of the experimental systems containing Ceratophyllum demersum: The …

[PDF] from scipeople.com SA Ostroumov… – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2009 – Springer

Development of VI Vernadsky’s theory of the biosphere has revealed new examples of how

organisms affect the physical and chemical parameters of the environment [1, 2], including the

characteristics of the aquatic environment [3, 4]. Natural aquatic ecosystems have …

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南太湖地区小型浅水湖泊自净能力季节变化研究

许磊  陈英旭 姚玉鑫 梁新 周李… – 环境科学, 2010 – cqvip.com

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A related paper (Ostroumov, S. A. 2005. Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders. Hydrobiologia 542:275–286) was cited in this article:

http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.1899/07-058.1;

Caryn C. Vaughn, S. Jerrine Nichols, Daniel E. Spooner;

Community and foodweb ecology of freshwater mussels.

Journal of the North American Benthological Society 27(2): 409-423. 2008

doi: 10.1899/07-058.1;

**

Question: WHAT ARE THE RECENT PAPERS BY THE SAME AUTHOR?

Answer. Some of the recent papers by the same author are as following:

Biocontrol of Water Quality: Multifunctional Role of Biota in Water Self-Purification.-Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 2010, Vol. 80, No. 13, 2010, p. 2754–2761. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/biocontrol-of-water-quality_23.html

 

Publications. Ecology, Environment, Biology. 2009-2010. See online free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52390944/Publications-2009-2010-E-Int-2;

Areas of science: Ecology, Environment, Biology, Phytotechnology, Water quality, Bioassays: publications in 2009- 2010, authored and coauthored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov, in English and Russian languages. Some of the other related publications by the same author(s) see at: http://www.scribd.com/doc/51414359; Ecology, Environmental Science; http://www.scribd.com/doc/50443283/Table-WorldWideCiting-March10;   World-wide and international citing of the publications…;

**

Question: IS THERE A CONCISE SUMMARY OF THE MAIN DISCOVERIES MADE IN THE WHOLE SERIES OF RELATED PUBLICATIONS BY THE SAME AUTHOR?

Answer: Yes, the concise summary is available online free:

**

18 KEY INNOVATIONS:  DISCOVERIES: ecology, environmental sciences, biology. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/09/18-key-innovations-innovations.html

**

Environment, ecology: 18 innovations, other files online. Innovative conceptualization: ecosystems; water quality et al. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/10/environment-ecology18-innovations-other.html

**

Environment, ecology: 18 innovations, other files online. Innovative conceptualization: ecosystems; water quality et al. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/10/environment-ecology18-innovations-other.html

**

INNOVATIONS, DISCOVERIES, in ecology, environmental sciences, biology. 18 Items. Sites in Other Languages, List of One-line Titles. http://www.scribd.com/doc/83168032/

**

ADDENDUM:

**

Why the current measures against water pollution will fail for sure, if the new discoveries are ignored. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/08/why-current-measures-against-water.html

**

Recent web-sites: new and updated: 1500 words, 5 pages

 

**

Selected bibliography: ecology, biogeochemistry, env. science … http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/selected-bibliography-ecology.html

**

Theory of how aquatic ecosystem works toward improving water quality. New: ecological self-purification of water  http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/theory-of-how-aquatic-ecosystem-works.html

**

31 Publications (life science, ecology, environmental science). Articles. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/31-publications-life-science-ecology.html

**

Mytilus edulis, Crassostrea gigas,  Thalassiosira pseudonana, Synechococcus, Fagopyrum esculentum, Oryza sativa, 25 articles published:  http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/10/mytilus-edulis-crassostrea-gigas.html

**

Top of top. Environmental Science: blog posts

**

25 Top Innovations on Water Safety, Ecology. Selected, Indexed by Web of Science. Publications, With Comments on What is New. Publications with DOI; http://www.scribd.com/doc/104782038

**

Water quality and self-purification. Innovative paper of 2010, the reference and the site with the full text available online free.
Addendum: summaries of 25 related publications on environmental sciences.

**

 ________

KEY WORDS: frequently asked questions,

marine, freshwater, mussels, water self-purification, ecosystem, aquatic, water quality, pollutants,  pollution, biosphere, surfactants, detergents, sustainability, environmental safety, ecosystem services, organisms, functions, ecotoxicology, environmental toxicology, environmental chemistry, hydrobiology,

Toxicological, Bulletin, Doklady, Biological, Sciences, Akademii, Nauk, hazards, phytotechnology, phytoremediation, S.A.Ostroumov, water, university, xenobiotics, tetradecyltrimethylammonium bromide, Mytilus edulis, Mytilus galloprovincialis,

NEW METHODS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY

References in various languages to 4 useful web-sites:
NEW METHODS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY: aquatic bivalves, shellfish, leeches, plant seedlings, phytotoxicity, bacteria: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Toxicity of surfactants. Toxicity of detergents. Environmental toxicology of surfactants and detergents. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
Libraries of U.K. and U.S.A. acquired these books (ecology, environment, biotechnology, conservation, biology), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
libraries worldwide acquired these books and have these publications (ecology, environment, biology): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
The list of the above English web-pages in other languages:
In French:
NOUVELLES MÉTHODES DE TOXICOLOGIE ENVIRONNEMENTALE: bivalves aquatiques, des crustacés, des sangsues, des semis de plantes, de bactéries, de phytotoxicité: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Toxicité des agents tensio-actifs. La toxicité des détergents. Toxicologie environnementale des tensioactifs et détergents. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
Les bibliothèques du Royaume-Uni et États-Unis ont acquis ces livres (écologie, l’environnement, la biotechnologie, la conservation, biologie), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
bibliothèques à travers le monde ont acquis ces livres et ces publications ont (écologie, environnement, biologie): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Spanish:
NUEVOS MÉTODOS DE TOXICOLOGÍA AMBIENTAL: bivalvos, crustáceos acuáticos, sanguijuelas, plantas de semillero de las plantas, fitotoxicidad, bacterias: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Toxicidad de los tensioactivos. Toxicidad de los detergentes. Toxicología ambiental de surfactantes y detergentes. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
Bibliotecas del Reino Unido y EE.UU. adquirió estos libros (ecología, medio ambiente, biotecnología, conservación, biología), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
bibliotecas de todo el mundo adquirió estos libros y que estas publicaciones (ecología, medio ambiente, biología): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Portuguese:
Novos métodos de Toxicologia Ambiental: bivalves aquáticos, moluscos, sanguessugas, mudas de plantas, de fitotoxicidade, bactérias: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Toxicidade dos tensioactivos. Toxicidade dos detergentes. Toxicologia ambiental de surfactantes e detergentes. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
Bibliotecas de Reino Unido e EUA adquiriram esses livros (ecologia, meio ambiente, biotecnologia, conservação, biologia), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
bibliotecas em todo o mundo adquiriu esses livros e têm estas publicações (ecologia, meio ambiente, biologia): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Japanese:
水生貝類、甲殻類、ヒル、植物の苗、薬害、細菌:環境毒物学のための新しい方法http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
界面活性剤の毒性。洗剤の毒性。界面活性剤や洗剤の環境毒性学。 http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
イギリスとアメリカの図書館は、これらの本(エコロジー、環境、バイオテクノロジー、環境保全、生物学)、http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.htmlを買収
**
ライブラリには、世界中でこれらの書籍を取得し、これらの資料(エコロジー、環境、生物学)があります。http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**

book with the new methods
book that published the new methods on environmental toxicology and bioassay of chemicals

In Chinese (s):
环境毒理学:水生的双壳贝类,贝类,水蛭,植物苗,药害,细菌的新方法:http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
*
表面活性剂的毒性。毒性的清洁剂。环境毒理学的表面活性剂和洗涤剂。 http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
*
英国和美国的图书馆收购这些书籍(生态,环境,生物技术,保护生物学),http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
*
世界各地的图书馆收购这些书籍和出版物(生态,环境,生物):http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Chinese (t):
環境毒理學:水生的雙殼貝類,貝類,水蛭,植物苗,藥害,細菌的新方法:http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
*
表面活性劑的毒性。毒性的清潔劑。環境毒理學的表面活性劑和洗滌劑。 http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
*
英國和美國的圖書館收購這些書籍(生態,環境,生物技術,保護生物學),http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
*
世界各地的圖書館收購這些書籍和出版物(生態,環境,生物):http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Swedish:
Nya metoder för miljötoxikologi: vattenlevande musslor, skaldjur, blodiglar, plantor växt, fytotoxicitet, bakterier: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Toxicitet av ytaktiva medel. Toxicitet av rengöringsmedel. Miljötoxikologi av tensider och rengöringsmedel. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
Bibliotek i Storbritannien och USA fick dessa böcker (ekologi, miljö, bioteknik, bevarande, biologi), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
bibliotek förvärvade i världen dessa böcker och har dessa publikationer (ekologi, miljö, biologi): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In German:
Neue Methoden für UMWELTTOXIKOLOGIE: Wasserorganismen Muscheln, Schalentiere, Blutegel, Pflanzenkeimlingen, Phytotoxizität, Bakterien: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Toxizität von Tensiden. Toxizität von Waschmitteln. Umwelttoxikologie von Tensiden und Waschmitteln. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
Bibliotheken von Großbritannien und den USA erworben diese Bücher (Ökologie, Umwelt, Biotechnologie, Naturschutz, Biologie), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
Bibliotheken weltweit erworbene diese Bücher und haben diese Publikationen (Ökologie, Umwelt, Biologie): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Dutch:
Nieuwe methoden voor MILIEUTOXICOLOGIE: in het water levende tweekleppigen, schaaldieren, bloedzuigers, plant zaailingen, fytotoxiciteit, bacteriën: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Toxiciteit van oppervlakteactieve stoffen. Toxiciteit van detergenten. Milieutoxicologie van oppervlakteactieve stoffen en detergentia. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
Bibliotheken van Groot-Brittannië en de VS verworven deze boeken (ecologie, milieu, biotechnologie, het behoud, biologie), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
bibliotheken over de hele wereld verworven deze boeken en hebben deze publicaties (ecologie, milieu, biologie): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Danish:
Nye metoder til Environmental Toxicology: akvatiske muslinger, skaldyr, igler, plante planter, fytotoksicitet, bakterier: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Toksicitet af overfladeaktive midler. Toksicitet af vaskemidler. Økotoksikologi af overfladeaktive og rengøringsmidler. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
Biblioteker af Storbritannien og USA erhvervede disse bøger (økologi, miljø, bioteknologi, bevaring, biologi), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
biblioteker verden over erhvervede disse bøger og har disse publikationer (økologi, miljø, biologi): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Turkish:
Sudaki kabuklular, deniz kabukluları, sülükler, bitki fidanları, fitotoksisite, bakteriler: ÇEVRE TOKSİKOLOJİ İÇİN YENİ YÖNTEMLER http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Yüzey Toksisite. Deterjanların toksisite. Sürfaktanlar ve deterjan Çevre toksikolojisi. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
İngiltere ve ABD Kütüphaneler bu kitapları (ekoloji, çevre, biyoteknoloji, koruma, biyoloji), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html edinilmiş
**
kütüphaneler dünyada bu kitapları satın almış ve bu yayınlar (ekoloji, çevre, biyoloji) vardır: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Polish:
NOWE METODY toksykologii środowiska: Aquatic małże, skorupiaki, pijawki, sadzonki roślin, fitotoksyczność, bakterie: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
Toksyczność surfaktantów. Toksyczność detergentów. Toksykologii środowiska surfaktantów i detergentów. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
Biblioteki Wielkiej Brytanii i USA nabył te książki (ekologia, ochrona środowiska, biotechnologia, ochrona, biologia), http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
Biblioteki na świecie uzyskała te książki i mają te publikacje (ekologia, ochrona środowiska, biologia): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Persian:
روش های جدید برای محیط زیست و سم شناسی: آبزی صدف، حلزون صدف دار، زالو، نهال گیاه، phytotoxicity ها، باکتری ها: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
*
سمیت سورفاکتانت. سمیت مواد شوینده. سم شناسی محیط زیست از سورفاکتانت ها و مواد شوینده است. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
*
کتابخانه های انگلستان و ایالات متحده آمریکا به دست آورد این کتاب (بوم شناسی، محیط زیست، بیوتکنولوژی، حفاظت، زیست شناسی)، http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
*
کتابخانه این کتاب در سراسر جهان به دست آورد و این انتشارات (بوم شناسی، محیط زیست، زیست شناسی): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html
**
In Arabic:
طرق جديدة لعلم السموم البيئية: ذوات الصدفتين المائية، والمحار، والعلق، وشتلات النباتات، phytotoxicity، والبكتيريا: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/new-methods-for-environmental.html
**
سمية السطحي. سمية من المنظفات. سمية البيئية السطحي والمنظفات. http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/toxicity-of-surfactants-toxicity-of.html
**
اكتسبت المكتبات في المملكة المتحدة والولايات المتحدة الأمريكية هذه الكتب (علم البيئة، والبيئة، والتكنولوجيا الحيوية، وحفظ، وعلم الأحياء)، http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-of-uk-and-usa-acquired-these.html
**
المكتبات في جميع أنحاء العالم الحصول على هذه الكتب والمنشورات لديك هذه (البيئة، البيئة، علم الأحياء): http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/11/libraries-worldwide-acquired-books-and.html

English paper: Reaction of Fagopyrum esculentum Moench to Pollution of Aqueous Medium with Polymeric Surfactants

  • Reaction of Fagopyrum esculentum Moench to Pollution of Aqueous Medium with Polymeric Surfactants

paper:

Ostroumov S. A., Semykina N. A. Reaction of Fagopyrum esculentum Moench to Pollution of Aqueous Medium with Polymeric Surfactants. – Russian Journal of Ecology [translated from Ekologiia]. 1993, vol. 24; No.6, p.386 – 390
***
Quantitative parameters of phytotoxicity of a polymeric surfactant were measured. In the bioassay, the seedlings of the plant were used. The plant species was Fagopyrum esculentum.
Keywords:
phytotoxicity, bioassay, buckwheat, Fagopyrum esculentum, sewage, wastewater, liquid effluents, polymers, surfactants, surface active agents, detergents, seedlings, biotest, hazard assessment
***

[Publisher: Consultants Bureau; Country of publication: U.S.A.; ISSN 1067-4136; http://direct.bl.uk/bld/PlaceOrder.do?UIN=019540005&ETOC=EN&from=searchengine]
Mentioned at books.google.com:
http://books.google.ru/books?id=1CpLAQAAIAAJ&q=ostroumov+s+a&dq=ostroumov+s+a&hl=en&ei=Slj7TuitDI3ysgaFt8QV&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=book-thumbnail&redir_esc=y;

***Russian edition was also published:

Остроумов С.А., Семыкина Н.А. Реагирование Fagopyrum esculentum Moench на загрязнение водной среды полимерным ПАВ // Экология. 1993. № 6. C.50-55. 4 Табл. Резюме на англ. яз. Библиогр. 21 назв.
***Abstract in Russian:
Исследовали реагирование проростков гречихи (сорт Шатиловская-5) на загрязнение водной среды полимерным ПАВ – сополимером гексена и малеинового альдегида (СГМА), который применяется в некоторых отраслях промышленности и может содержаться в сточных водах. Показано, что СГМА в определенных концентрациях вызывает заметное ингибирование проростков. Такое действие установлено, в частности, при содержании в воде СГМА, соответствующем концентрации активного вещества 0,4-0,9 мг/мл. Эффект выявлен при длительности инкубации прорастающих семян 43-67 ч и более. Предлагается учитывать полученные данные при анализе пока недостаточно проработанного вопроса о возможных экологических последствиях орошения земель сточными и загрязненными водами. Сополимер гексена и малеинового альдегида (СГМА) ингибировал удлинение проростков. ЕС50 менее 3.3 г/л при длительности опыта 90 ч, из них инкубирование в тест-растворе 62 ч.
***
Ключевые слова:
фитотоксичность, биотест, гречиха, сточные воды (wastewater) [жидкие стоки], полимеры (polymers), ПАВ (surface active agents) [детергенты; поверхностно-активные вещества], вегетационные опыты (pot experimentation), зерновые культуры (grain crops), опыты (experimentation) [эксперименты], органические соединения (organic compounds) [органические вещества], с-х культуры, химические соединения (chemical compounds). Есть в Центральной научной сельскохозяйственной библиотеке РАСХН (ЦНСХБ РАСХН).

Use of rice sprouts for bioassay of the toxicity of the surfactant sulfonol. Seedlings of Oryza sativa inhibited by detergent

Use of rice sprouts for bioassay of the toxicity of the surfactant sulfonol

Scientific publication:

Ostroumov S.A., Golovko A.E. Use of rice sprouts for bioassay of the toxicity of the surfactant sulfonol // Hydrobiological Journal. 1992. 28(6): 84-88.
Publisher: Begell House (United States);
Sulfonol is one of key components of powder laundry detergents. It is the first publication that reported that sulfonol inhibited the elongation of the seedlings of Oryza sativa (rice).

**

About the author (Dr. S.A.O., Fulbright Award winner):

 

http://www.scribd.com/doc/80074854/

http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

Twitter: http://twitter.com/Sergeiost

Citation of this author:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/07/world-wide-and-international-citing-of.html

https://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsergei/publications-that-cited-saostroumov

**
Key words: Oryza sativa, water, pollution, plant science, phytotoxicity, surfactant, detergent, sulfonol, bioassay, hazard assessment, rice, water quality, new methods, seedlings
***
Russian translation was also published:
***
Остроумов С.А., Головко А.Э. Биотестирование токсичности поверхностно-активного вещества (сульфонола) с использованием проростков риса как тест-объекта // Гидробиологический журнал. 1992. Т. 28. № 3. C.72-75. Реферат: ПАВ сульфонол используется в качестве основного компонента синтетических моющих средств (СМС, стиральных порошков). Впервые показана токсичность ПАВ сульфонола для проростков риса Oryza sativa.
**

Some other publications on bioassay and toxicity of surfactants, examples:

Unique data on one of most enigmatic, mysterious marine organisms and chemical pollutants:

Effect,Nonionogenic Surfactant,Cyanobacteria. J.Waterbury,S.Ostroumov.Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution;Moscow Univ

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/07/effect-of-nonionogenic-surfactant-on.html

**
Ключевые слова:
ПАВ, моющие средства, сульфонол, биотестирование, оценка токсичности, экологическая опасность, проростки, Oryza sativa, загрязнение воды, plant science, качество воды, ингибирование роста,

New discovery: the heart and core of aquatic ecosystem health

New discovery: the heart and core of aquatic ecosystem health

This new discovery identified what is the essence, heart and core of aquatic ecosystem health. This is a key to water sustainability.

The concept of ecosystem health became popular. What is the core of  ecosystem health in case of aquatic ecosystems (reservoirs, rivers, lakes, seas, estuaries)?

To answer this question, there are a lot of factors to be given attention. One of these factors was  underestimated and almost ignored until now. However, this factor became more visible after the  works conducted at M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University.

This factor is the ability of a healthy ecosystem to improve and maintain water quality, in other words, to perform self-purification of water.

The main features of water self-purification were discovered, described and put into a system  in   a series of  publications of 1998 – 2010 [1-9].

In addition to above-mentioned English papers, the same author published some articles in Russian [10-15]:

Moreover,  the various aspects of self-purification were analyzed in the books of 2004 -2008 [16-18].

Additional discussion of these publications is given at sites  [19-21].

These publications developed a new theory of water self-purification.

In conclusion, the analysis of current literature demonstrated that the ecosystem health of aquatic  -freshwater, estuarine, marine – ecosystems  includes the ability of the biological community to purify water (to perform water self-purification). The modern theory of water self-purification was developed by the author in a series of papers and books, 1998 -2010.

Literature

1. Ostroumov S. A.  Biological filtering and ecological machinery for self-purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems: towards a holistic view. // Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum. 1998. 91: 247-258.

2. Ostroumov S. A.  The Concept of Aquatic Biota as a Labile and Vulnerable Component of the Water Self-Purification System. – Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 372, 2000 , pp. 286–289. http://www.scribd.com/doc/49069991;

3. Ostroumov S. A. An aquatic ecosystem: a large-scale diversified bioreactor with a water self-purification function. – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2000. Vol. 374, P. 514-516.   scribd.com/doc/49065542;  http://www.scribd.com/doc/49069997; the paper gave a new insight into the core functions and identity of ecosystem as a bioreactor to maintain water quality;

4. Ostroumov S.A.  Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. – Hydrobiologia. 2002, vol. 469, p. 117-129; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52598579/;

5. Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and  concluding remarks. Hydrobiologia. 2002. V. 469 (1-3): 203-204. http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327/2H469p203-Polyfunctional-role-w-Addendum;

6. Ostroumov S.A. On the Biotic Self-purification of Aquatic Ecosystems: Elements of the Theory; Doklady Biological Sciences, 2004, v.396, No.1-6; pp.206-211. http://www.scribd.com/doc/48099028/4DBS-On-the-Biotic-Self-Purification-fulltext;

7. Ostroumov S. A.  Aquatic ecosystem as a  bioreactor: water purification and some  other functions.   –   Rivista di Biologia / Biology Forum, 2004, 97 (1): 67-78

8. Ostroumov S. A.  On some issues of maintaining water quality and self-purification.- Water Resources, 2005. Volume 32, Number 3, p. 305-313. http://www.scribd.com/doc/57511892/

9. Ostroumov S. A. Biocontrol of Water Quality: Multifunctional Role of Biota in Water Self-Purification. – Russian Journal of General Chemistry, 2010, Vol. 80, No. 13, pp. 2754–2761. —http://www.scribd.com/doc/49131150; http://www.scribd.com/doc/73175163/; DOI: 10.1134/S1070363210130086;

10. Остроумов С.А. Концепция водной биоты как лабильного и уязвимого звена системы самоочищения воды // Доклады  РАН (ДАН).  2000. Т.  372. № 2. С. 279-282.

11. Остроумов С.А. Водная  экосистема: крупноразмерный диверсифицированный биореактор с функцией самоочищения воды // ДАН, 2000, Т. 374,  №3. С.427-429. www.scribd.com/doc/57970728/;

12. Остроумов С.А. О биотическом самоочищении водных экосистем. Элементы теории. // Доклады академии наук (ДАН), (2004), том 396. № 1, с. 136–141. scribd.com/doc/57774996/; http://sites.google.com/site/scipaperdan2004selfpurificat/;

13. Остроумов С.А. Биологический механизм самоочищения в природных водоемах и водотоках: теория и практика //   Успехи современной биологии.   2004. Т.124. №5. С. 429-442. http://scipeople.ru/publication/67095/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/57695131/

14. Остроумов С.А. О некоторых вопросах поддержания качества воды и ее самоочищения // Водные ресурсы. 2005. т. 32. № 3. С. 337-347.

15. Остроумов С.А. Элементы теории биоконтроля качества воды: фактор экологической безопасности источников водоснабжения (=Elements of the theory of biocontrol of water quality: a factor in the ecological safety of the sources of water) //  Химическая и биологическая безопасность. 2008. № 5-6. с.36-39. http://rudocs.exdat.com/docs/index-326746.html

16. Ostroumov S.A.  Biotic Mechanism of Self-purification of Freshwater and Marine Water. (Ecological Studies, Hazards, Solutions, vol. 9) Мoscow: МAX Press. 2004.  96 p., Bibliogr. 59-85. Abstract in English. Section in English: p.53-58;  ISBN 5-317-01120-5.; http://scipeople.com/publication/99362/; In Russian:

Остроумов С.А. Биотический механизм самоочищения пресных и морских вод. Элементы теории и приложения = Biotic mechanism of self-purification of freshwater and marine water. http://scipeople.com/publication/99362/; М.: МАКС Пресс. 2004.  96 с. Библиогр.: c. 59-85. ISBN 5-317-01120-5.

17. Ostroumov S.A.  Pollution, Self-purification and Restoration of Aquatic Ecosystems. Мoscow: МAX Press.  2005.  100 p.  Bibliogr.: 63-89. Glossary. Extended English abstract (p. 57-62), ISBN 5-317-01213-9. In Russian:

Загрязнение, самоочищение и восстановление водных экосистем = Pollution, self-purification and restoration of aquatic ecosystems. М.: МАКС Пресс. 2005.  100 с.,  Библиогр.: с.63-89. ISBN 5-317-01213-9.

18. Ostroumov S.A.  Aquatic organisms in water self-purification and biogenic migration of elements. Moscow. MAX Press. 2008. 200 p.  ISBN 978-5-317-02625-7. http://scipeople.com/publication/68016/. In Russian:

Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов. М. МАКС-Пресс. 2008. 200 с. Предисловие члена-корр. РАН В.В. Малахова. Библиогр.: с.155-191. (Серия: Наука. Образование. Инновации. Выпуск 9). ISBN 978-5-317-02625-7. http://scipeople.com/publication/68016/.

Some relevant sites:

19 Making water sustainable: http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/06/making-water-sustainable.html;

20 Aquatic ecosystems… http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/07/aquatic-ecosystems-and-water.html;

21 Water quality… http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/07/water-quality-ecosystems-more-facts-to.html

**

**

About the author (Dr. S.A.O., Fulbright Award winner):

http://www.scribd.com/doc/80074854/

http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

Twitter: http://twitter.com/Sergeiost

Citation of this author:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/07/world-wide-and-international-citing-of.html

 

Key words:

reservoirs, rivers, lakes, seas, estuaries, Biotic Mechanism, Self-purification, Freshwater, Marine Water, Aquatic organisms, water, Pollution, Restoration, Aquatic Ecosystems,

 

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants.

 

 

Background.

In the previous parts of this series of the material posted, it was explained why it is so important to analyze the issues of aquatic environment, water quality, and related issues of how chemicals interact with aquatic organisms (see Part 1, [1]). Also, it was shown that aquatic organisms contribute a lot to improving water quality, as exemplified by the organisms that are filter-feeders (Part 2, [2]).

Goal.
In this material (which is item 3 to continue the series of previous posts on Environment, Water and Ecology [1, 2]), the goal is to consider additional eye-opening information on chemical pollutants of water, especially on the chemicals that until recently were considered as relatively safe, namely, synthetic surfactants.

Location in industrial products.

These chemicals – surfactants – are components of many industrial products of broad use: laundry detergents, shampoo, liquid soap, dish washing liquid detergents, cosmetics, car cosmetics, pipe washing mixtures (including pipes of various use, e.g., pipes for milk and pipes for gasoline), liquids for fire extinguishers, and even pesticide mixtures of broad use in agriculture, horticulture, and in making lawns and playing grounds for golf to look nice.

Variety of names.

These chemicals are known under various names: surfactants, detergents, tensides, surface-active substances, surface active agents.

Quantity. Discharge that pollutes the environment.

The daily discharge of surfactants to waste waters is more than 10 g per an average inhabitant of urbanized areas, which means a discharge of 10 thousand kilogram in a city of 1 million people, which is equal to 22 thousand pound every day or more than 6 million pound annually!

Safe or not?

Until recently the synthetic surfactants were considered as relatively safe chemicals. Their level of environmental hazard was considered far lower than the environmental hazards from the champions of pollution, the notorious ecotoxicants: heavy metals, chlororganic products, PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls), insecticides, herbicides, just to list a few …

Innovation and eye-opening discovery.

The point is that recent research [3 – 5] demonstrated that it was a wrong opinion. A key issue is the issue of criteria to use for assessment of  the environmental hazards of chemicals. Recently, a development of new criteria was made [3].
These criteria gave attention not only to easily visible lethal effects of chemicals (increase in mortality of the organisms tested in the experiments) but also to less noticeable sublethal effects (which decrease functional performance of the organisms and finally their health). Moreover, more attention was given to the ecosystem health.

New experiments showed a variety of negative effects of surfactants on bacteria and cyanobacteria, algae, higher plants and invertebrates, including mussels and oysters that are key organisms that are being grown in aquaculture [3-5].
The results on the new approach, and new experiments, were presented in a series of papers [4 ] and the book [5 ]. The results demonstrated that the synthetic surfactants pose a more serious hazard to environment, especially water environment [3 – 5], than it was previously thought.

This is the book [5], in which a large amount of innovative results of bioassay of synthetic surfactants and detergents is presented. As it was mentioned, the experiments discovered many negative effects of these chemicals on bacteria and cyanobacteria, algae, higher plants and aquatic invertebrates.

Bottom line.

As a matter of fact, the discovery is: a new hazard to environment, a new priority in preventing negative effects of chemical pollution, in prevention of deterioration of water quality.

Recognition: international scientific community.

The book mentioned and the related papers were cited by scientists of a number of countries as diverse as U.S.A., Germany, U.K., Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Austria, Spain, Turkey, China, Slovakia, and Argentina (in arbitrary order) [6].

Location of the laboratories.

This research was carried out at Moscow State University (Russia), Plymouth Marine Laboratory (U.K.), University of New York (U.S.A.), University of Maryland (U.S.A.), and the Institute of Biology of Southern Seas (Crimea, Ukraine). A concise summary was presented in [7].

Foam and surfactants: a contrasting variety of connotations, including Venus, or Aphrodite.

According to legends of the ancient Greek mythology, a foam produced by sea water was a place of birth of the goddess of love, Aphrodite (Venus in mythology of ancient Rome). Love (to Simonetta Vespucci, nicknamed la bella Simonetta) and the legend on Venus inspired a genius painter of Renaissance, Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli (c. 1445 – 1510), to create one of the most charming images of the cultural heritage of mankind: The Birth of Venus (in Italian: Nascita di Venere; 1486). However, the research project and the book that summarized its results and was mentioned above added some less charming connotations to another type of foam, namely the foam produced by synthetic surfactants.

Location of this post in the series of posts.

This post is No.3 in the series on Environment, Water and Ecology. The previous posts were:

[1] Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography.

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography


[2] on the discovery of the key role of organisms in making water clear http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/04/14/discovery-of-the-key-role-of-organisms-that-filter-water-and-make-it-clear/

**

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND KEY SITES:
[1] Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography.

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography


[2] on the discovery of the key role of organisms in making water clear http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/04/14/discovery-of-the-key-role-of-organisms-that-filter-water-and-make-it-clear/
[3] new criteria for environmental hazards: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60891549; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49088234; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12852181; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52636721/
[4] series of papers on ecotoxicology of surfactants and detergents: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065593; http://www.scribd.com/doc/59417067/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52634169/; http://www.springerlink.com/content/p7754h672w814m30/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/45914806; http://www.scribd.com/doc/45958156/; scribd.com/doc/59544597/;
[5] on the book Biological Effects of Surfactants : http://www.scribd.com/doc/64066178/;
[6] on citation: www.scribd.com/doc/54504932
[7] summary: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545;

Addition:

interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

On the author: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

Key words:
Venus, Aphrodite, love, goddess, environment, detergents, surfactants, tensides, surface active substances, pollutants, ecotoxicology, environmental, chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystem services, marine, resources, environmental safety, protection, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, decontamination, book, biotesting, bioassay, phytotest, phytotoxicity, ecology, improving, water quality, environmental sciences, purification, self-purification, ecosystem health, freshwater, streams, water bodies, pollution control, sublethal, hazard assessment, aquaculture,