Amazing grace: nature’s machine to treat water, to purify water

Amazing grace: nature’s machine to treat water, to purify water

The series of publications authored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov (M.V. Lomonosov Moscow University) discovered the ecosystem’s machinery that functions as a hi-tech mechanism to make water clear and pure, safe for human consumption. This was a secret of water quality and sustainability. This secret was discovered.  In the table given at some of the sites mentioned below, the reference to the key publications are given. Also, examples are given of the papers that cited  Dr. S. Ostroumov’s works.   These works were cited by experts and scientists from countries as diverse as U.S.A., France, U.K., Germany, Italy, Spain, Poland, Australia, Argentina, China, India…

See more detail at:
http://www.scribd.com/doc/54504932/;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/06/amazing-grace-natures-machine-to-treat.html;

International citation of research (Ecology, Environmental Sciences) conducted at Moscow State University, examples

International citation of  research (Ecology, Environmental Sciences) conducted at Moscow State University, examples.

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/16/100/ ‎

The achievement that was cited:

The ecological theory of how aquatic ecosystem and the biological community function toward improving water quality (both in freshwater and in seawater) was formulated in the well-cited paper of a scientist of Moscow University. This theory, inter alia,  discovered and analyzed – to a better degree than it was done before – the multi-aspect role of aquatic organisms that are filter-feeders. This achievement was used by the authors of the new paper co-authored by scientists of Poland, China, Korea. They used the theory to better analyze their new data on marine bivalve mollusk, marine mussels Mytilus.

Citation of a paper authored by a scientist (M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University) in the article (Poland, China, Korea):

**

http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

@sergeiost

http://twitter.com/Sergeiost

**Ecological Engineering, In Press, doi:10.1016/j.ecoleng.2011.10.017 ;

Testing the usability of sea mussel (Mytilus sp.) for the improvement of seawater quality—An experimental study.

 

Renata Brzozowska a, Zhenghong Sui b, Kyoung Ho Kang c,

Affiliation:

[a Department of Environment Protection Engineering, Warmia and Mazury University in Olsztyn, Prawochenskiego St. 1, 10-957 Olsztyn, Poland; b Ocean University of China, Qingdao 266003, People’s Republic of China; c Division of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University, Dundeok-dong, San 96-1, Yeosu-city, 550-749 Jeollanam-do, Republic of Korea; Abstract:http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0925857411003387

From the text: … Filtering processes create a possibility of removing chemical compounds, such as organic compounds, heavy metals and nutrients, from water ( [Todd and Josephson, 1996] , [Ostroumov, 2005] , [Zhou et al., 2006] and [Elliott et al.,2008] ). …].

The publication which was cited:

Ostroumov S. A. On the Multifunctional Role of the Biota in the Self-Purification of Aquatic Ecosystems . – Russian Journal of Ecology, 2005. Vol. 36, No. 6, P. 414-420. http://www.scribd.com/doc/45572968;

http://www.scribd.com/doc/49131150;

[on the journal: http://www.springer.com/life+sciences/ecology/journal/11184];

 

Other examples of citation of scientific research that was conducted at Moscow University by this scientist are given below.

** Scholars of these over 300 institutions (worldwide) have cited the publications (biology, ecology, environment) authored by this researcher: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60225505;

**Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Biology, updated; Citation of the works in the U.S.A. http://www.scribd.com/doc/79577206

**World-wide citing: www.scribd.com/doc/54504932;

**In Russian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/80564027/;

** Citation. The book ‘Biological Effects of Surfactants’ was cited by scientists of Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Austria, Slovakia, Germany, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Denmark, United Kingdom, Poland and other countries: www.scribd.com/doc/82403759/;

**Pictures of those who cited the publications authored and co-authored by this scientist – the authors and journals: http://www.scribd.com/doc/85161809/;

** List of many of the papers that cited:

https://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsergei/publications-that-cited-saostroumov

KEY WORDS:

Citation, Ecology, S.A.Ostroumov, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University, Ecological Engineering, Department of Environment Protection Engineering, Warmia and Mazury University, Olsztyn, Poland, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, People’s Republic of China; Division of Marine Technology, Chonnam National University, Dundeok-dong, Yeosu-city, Jeollanam-do, Republic of Korea; sea mussel, Mytilus, seawater quality,

 

 

Sum:Innovations, discoveries: science, environmental science, ecology, life sciences: some recent blog posts and sites.

Innovations, discoveries: science, environmental science, ecology, life sciences.

These are some recent blog posts and sites. Languages: English, Russian.

** New development, environmental science: A new website (group) on this book and the new area of science, biochemical ecology:

http://www.facebook.com/VvedenieVBiohimiceskuuEkologiu;

**innovative approach in the paper: Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. http://www.scribd.com/doc/52598579/; http://www.citeulike.org/blog/ATP/19016;

**Cited the Paper:  inhibitory Analysis of Top-down Control. new Keys to Studying Eutrophication…  :  http://www.scribd.com/doc/57034212/Cited-the-Paper-ostroumov-inhibitory-Analysis-of-Top-down-Control-new-Keys-to-Studying-Eutrophication-full-text-online-www-scribd-com-doc-52598579

**these  > 307 institutions and universities cited publications (biology, ecology, environment) on research conducted at Moscow State University on selected issues (examples)     http://www.scribd.com/doc/60225505/

**Впервые установлена способность ранее не изученных видов макрофитов снижать загрязнение воды  четырьмя тяжелыми металлами одновременно   http://ru.scribd.com/doc/76703422/

**A new area of science, a new scientific discipline: biochemical ecology – Биохимическая экология. Biochemical Ecology: http://bit.ly/JE2xav;

**Коротко об авторе: on the author: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732

**Welcome to a new group: Friends of Sergei and his research – Ecology, Environmental Science, Biology

http://www.facebook.com/groups/389138347792330; http://t.co/rOc98k1E

**lots of new data on innovation in environmental sciences are here:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/

**Environmental sciences, ecology, biology: formatted list of publications, with sites http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/environmental-sciences-ecology-biology_14.html

**Environmental sciences, ecology, biology: scientific results obtained at  Moscow State University: http://www.scribd.com/doc/93423426; http://www.scribd.com/doc/93423426/Environmental-sciences-ecology-biology-scientific-results-obtained-at-M-V-Lomonosov-Moscow-State-University-publications-aquatic-ecosystems

** Paralytic shellfish toxin studies, Philippines: university scientists cited the research on ecology conducted at Moscow: http://www.scribd.com/doc/93754665/Paralytic-Shellfish-Toxin-Studies-philippines;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/philippines-university-scientists-cited.html;

a new scientific concept: biomachinery:

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/04/new-conceptual

**

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/05/a-new-way-of-mining-gold-from-water-environment-nanomaterials-water-gold-know-how-using-biological/

** new conceptualization and terminology

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/04/80/

**

http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/05/03/new-scientific-terminology-exometabolism/

**

A new page and site on Facebook, for Chinese-speaking scholars:

http://www.facebook.com/pages/Chinese-speaking-scientists-and-students-%E7%92%B0%E5%A2%83%E7%A7%91%E5%AD%B8%E7%94%9F%E7%89%A9%E5%AD%B8/307815159293017

**

A new page and site on Facebook, for French-speaking scholars:

http://www.facebook.com/pages/French-speaking-scientists-Environment-Life-Science/293532834071760

 

Summary, Innovations, discoveries, science, environmental science, ecology, life sciences, recent, blog posts, sites,

New conceptualization and terminology in science of ecology: Biomachinery (author of the term: a scientist at M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University)

New terminology in science: Biomachinery (the author is a scientist at M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University)

Новый термин. В научную терминологию введен новый термин: Biomachinery (автор термина: научный сотрудник МГУ им. М.В.Ломоносова)

How the term ‘biomachinery’ was introduced to environmental and biological science:

The story started in 1998.

In 1998, Dr. S.A. Ostroumov initiated and later chaired the session “Ecosystems as Hi-Tech Water Purification Biomachinery” at the ASLO Meeting Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico, the U.S.A.; it is the first time that he introduced the scientific term ‘biomachinery’.  Publication: See the abstract: Ostroumov S.A. Integrity-oriented approach to ecological biomachinery for self-purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems. – Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico. ASLO (American Society of Limnology and Oceanography), Waco, TX. 1999. P. 134;

The term is clear in its 2-part structure and almost self-explanatory. It conveys the idea of a mix of two things in mechanisms of functioning of ecological systems: one thing is individual biological organisms, and the second thing is their complex self-organization into a well-structured and efficient system so that  the entire system functions as a hi-tech machine.

**

The examples of the author’s publications where the term ‘biomachinery’ was used and discussed in a number of publications authored by S.A.Ostroumov – the list of the publications is presented below.

**

http://www.scribd.com/doc/82868065/Bio-Machinery-for-Maintaining-Water-Quality-and-Natural-Water-Self-purification-in-Marine-and-

 

S.A. Ostroumov. Biomachinery for maintaining water quality and natural water self-purification in marine and estuarine systems: elements of a qualitative theory. – International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography, ISSN 0973-2667, Vol.1, No.1 (2006), pp. 111-118 © Research India Publications; http://www.ripublication.com/ijoo.htm;

[Laboratory of Physico-Chemistry of Biomembranes, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Vorob’evy Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia]

Abstract: Fundamental elements are formulated for a qualitative theory of the multi-functional (polyfunctional) role of the biota in maintaining self-purification and water quality in aquatic ecosystems. The elements of the theory covers the following: (1) sources of energy for the mechanisms of self-purification; (2) the main functional blocks of the system of self-purification; (3) the list of the main processes that are involved; (4) analysis of the degree of participation of the main large taxons; (5) degree of reliability and the main mechanisms providing the reliability; (6)regulation of the processes; (7) the response of the system towards the external influences(man-made impacts); (8) the analogy between ecosystems and a bioreactor; and (9)conclusions relevant to the practice of biodiversity conservation. In support of the theory, results are given of the author’s experiments which demonstrated the ability of some pollutants (surfactants, detergents, and some others) to inhibit the water filtration activity of marine filter-feeders (namely, the bivalve mollusks  mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, Mytilus edulis, and oysters Crassostrea gigas). Key words: Ecosystems, pollution, water quality, water self-purification, filter-feeders. Abbreviations: LD – liquid detergent; SD- synthetic detergent; SDS – sodiumdodecylsulphate; TDTMA – tetradecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide;

**

http://www.scribd.com/doc/61779321/8-Legendary-discoveries-biomachinery; New Discovery: BIOMACHINERY.

**

http://www.citeulike.org/user/ATP/article/9925779

 

Ostroumov S.A. Filter-feeders as part of ecological biomachinery to purify water // Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 2005. Vol. 29/2 (Stuttgart,E.Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung), p.1072-1075; Fundamental key innovation. The author introduced a new fundamental concept in the science of hydrobiology and aquatic ecology: biomachinery of water self-purification. The aquatic invertebrates that are filter-feeders constitute a vital part of the complex of aquatic organisms which are involved in the biomachinery of improving water quality. http://www.schweizerbart.de/pubs/books/es/verhandlun-167002902-desc.html; http://www.borntraeger-cramer.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783510540662/XXIX-Congress-Lahti-Finland-8—14-August-2004; http://www.springerlink.com/index/R9PTJEQ5FK8VLA6M.pdf ; http://blog.researchgate.net/masterblog/619_Vital_role_of_aquatic_organisms_in_improving_water_quality.

How the term ‘biomachinery’ was introduced to science: it happened in 1999. See the abstract: Ostroumov S.A. Integrity-oriented approach to ecological biomachinery for self-purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems. – Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico. ASLO, Waco, TX. 1999. P. 134; Dr. S.A. Ostroumov initiated and chaired the session “Ecosystems as Hi-Tech Water Purification Biomachinery” at the ASLO Meeting Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico; it is the first time that he introduced the scientific term ‘biomachinery’.

http://www.citeulike.org/user/ATP/article/9925779

**

Book: Ostroumov S.A. Aquatic organisms in water self-purification. Moscow. Max-Press, 2008, 200 p. (the Russian version of the title: Гидробионты в самоочищении вод). Chapter 1 was written in English. On page 4, the title of Chapter 1 is: “Theory of biocontrol of water quality and biomachinery of self-purification”.

The book got excellent evaluations in the published reviews:

http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsa/—/———–2008—–2009;

http://www.scribd.com/doc/74988105/

The list of the reviews:

Зимнюков В.А. Рецензия на книгу Остроумова С.А. «Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов» // Водное  хозяйство России: проблемы, технологии, управление.  2009. № 1. С. 103-106. ISSN 1999-4508. http://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=12957127     ( = Zimnyukov V.A. Review of the book: S.A. Ostroumov. Gidrobionty v samoochischenii vod i biogennoy migratsii elementov // Water Sector of Russia: Problems, Technologies, Management (=Vodnoe  Khozyaystvo Rossii. 2009. № 1. p.103-106).

Капица А.П. Kapitsa A.P.  (член-корр. РАН) Review of the book:  S.A. Ostroumov. Aquatic organisms in water self-purification and biogenic migration of elements. Moscow. MAX Press. 2008. 200 p. – Ecologica, 2009. V.16 (53). P.8. на английском языке.

Розенберг Г.С. (чл.-корр. РАН, директор Института экологии Волжского бассейна РАН) Рецензия на кн.: С. А. Остроумов. Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов //  Биология моря.  2009. том 35, No. 3, С. 237-238. [ = Rozenberg G.S. Book Review: S. A. Ostroumov. Gidrobionty v samoochishchenii vod i biogennoj migracii elementov //  Biologiya morya (Russian Journal of Marine Biology).  2009. Vol. 35 (3). P. 237-238].

Ермаков В.В. (профессор, Заслуженный деятель науки РФ, зав. лабораторией Института РАН) О книге С.А.Остроумова «Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов» // Вода: химия и экология. 2009. №8. с.25-29. Библиогр. 26 назв. Аннотация: Представлена новая теория биомеханизмов самоочищения воды, изложенная в книге доктора биологических наук С.А.Остроумова «Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов». Гидробионты (водные организмы) активно участвуют в процессах, ведущих к очищению воды. В них участвуют почти все группы живых организмов, что анализируется в статье с различных сторон. При разработке теории были использованы результаты опытов автора, изучавшего воздействие поллютантов на живые организмы. Изложенная теория служит инновационной основой для создания новых экотехнологий очищения воды и повышения ее качества с использованием водных организмов.

Подробнее об авторе книги: http://www.famous-scientists.ru/3732/;

**

Элементы теории биоконтроля качества воды: фактор экологической безопасности источников водоснабжения (=Elements of the theory of biocontrol of water quality: a factor in the ecological safety of the sources of water = Elements of the theory of biocontrol of water quality: the factor in the ecological safety of the sources of water]) //  Химическая и биологическая безопасность (= Chemical and Biological Safety). 2008. No. 5-6. с.36-39. Библиогр. 22 назв. [http://www.cbsafety.ru/rus/saf_41_3.asp; http://scipeople.com/publication/67386/] (D:\_     готовить в печать\Химическая и биологическая безопасность\о моей книгеГидроб2008\_В хим био безоп4 о книгеГидробионты2008с путем.doc). Представлена новая теория биомеханизмов самоочищения воды, изложенная в книге автора «Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов» (М.: МАКС Пресс, 2008,  200 с.). Гидробионты активно участвуют в процессах, ведущих к очищению воды. В них участвуют почти все группы живых организмов, что анализируется в статье с различных сторон. При разработке теории были использованы результаты опытов автора, изучавшего воздействие поллютантов на живые организмы. Изложенная теория служит инновационной основой для создания новых экотехнологий очищения воды и повышения ее качества с использованием водных организмов. Представлены и обоснованы новые основные концепции, в том числе понятия и термины: biomachinery, экзометаболизм, экологические хеморегуляторы, экологические хемомедиаторы, макросимбиотические системы и другие. Новые  результаты автора по выявлению свойства синтетических поверхностно-активных веществ (ПАВ) подавлять фильтрацию воды двустворчатыми моллюсками были признаны научным открытием и отмечены Дипломом за научное открытие № 274. Теория вносит вклад в научные основы укрепления экологической безопасности водных экосистем (водоемов и водотоков), которые служат источниками водоснабжения.

**

As it was mentioned above, the term ‘biomachinery’ was a part of the name for a scientific session that was initiated, organized, and chaired by Dr. S.Ostroumov in 1999 in the U.S.A. It was mentioned in Internet and immediately attracted attention. Many people liked it. Now this word became a new part of English language. Now this word is in use.

Addition

About this author, in Russian: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

 

Interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

KEY WORDS: biomachinery, new terminology, environmental sciences, biology,  Moscow State University, S.A.Ostroumov, новый термин, науки об окружающей среде, экология, МГУ

Discovery: Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification)

Discovery: Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification)

Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality (water self-purification)

[Item 1 in the Series of files entitled: Legendary Discoveries];

There are a lot questions that are of key interest in our studies of ecological mechanisms that regulate, modify and form water quality in surface aquatic ecosystems. These questions are listed below.

 

Besides microorganisms, do the other organisms play a key role in improving water quality?

Which processes are the main ones which contribute to water self-purification?

Which organisms play key roles in improving water quality in aquatic ecosystems?

Which organisms, freshwater or marine are more involved in improving water quality?

How biological, chemical and physical processes are interacting in ecosystem in improving water quality?

Is it possible to organize a multitude of factors and processes of water self-purification into a few groups (categories, blocks)?

Is the self-purification potential of an aquatic ecosystem a certain constant or a labile parameter?

Is the mechanism of water self-purification vulnerable to external impact on the aquatic ecosystem, e.g. to the impact of chemical pollution with synthetic chemicals?

Answer was given in the papers

–see online: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60659939/:

**

Ostroumov S.A. Polyfunctional role of  biodiversity in processes leading to water purification: current conceptualizations and concluding remarks. -Hydrobiologia, 2002,469: 203-204.

DOI 10.1007/s10750-004-1875-1;Full text free: http://www.scribd.com/doc/52627327/; http://scipeople.com/uploads/materials/4389/;

**

S.A.Ostroumov. On the biotic self-purification of aquatic ecosystems: elements of the theory. -Doklady Biological Sciences, Vol. 396,2004, pp. 206 – 211. http://www.scribd.com/doc/48099028/ ;

and some other papers by the same authors cited in those articles.

The series of these papers contributed to a new conceptualization of multifunctional role of organisms, biological community and ecosystem in improving water quality.

**

key words:

ecotoxicology, environmental, chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystems, freshwater, marine, resources, environmental safety, biodiversity, protection, conservation, services, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, habitats, decontamination, water quality, self-purification, pollutants, biological, processes, anthropogenic, effects,

**

Short and direct annotations on what are the key innovations and the key discoveries in the publications of this author, in various languages including Armenian, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Moldovan, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian:

**

A note on the books by this author that are available in key world libraries in North America (libraries of the U.S.A., including Harvard University; Canada), Europe (national and university libraries of England, including Oxford, Cambridge; Germany; France; Switzerland; Netherlands; Sweden; Norway; Finland; Denmark; Belgium, Italy; Spain and other countries), Asia (Japan, China, Taiwan, Korea, Singapore and other  countries), Australia, New Zealand, see: http://www.scribd.com/doc/77617474/;

**

Updated January 20, 2012.

Where to find this file on PC: D:\2011\Main.Discoveries\NewFormat, without table\ 1.Legendary.Discoveries.Innovative conceptualization of how ecosystems improve water quality.docx

 

CONTENT:

The questions on improving water quality that were answered in this series of publications

Innovation / Discovery, in short;

Why it is useful;

Who cited the papers presenting various aspects of this innovation          ;

Where this innovation / discovery was published;

Other examples of key discoveries in ecology, environmental sciences, biology;

Citation: Scientists of which countries cited those discoveries;

Scientists of which institutions cited those discoveries;

A list of who cited those discoveries;

Other evaluations of works of this author;

About the author of these publications;

Modernization of education ;

Addition

About this author, in Russian: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

 

Interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

New scientific terminology. Exometabolism.

New scientific terminology. Exometabolism.

New scientific terminology. Exometabolism.

The new term was introduced in the book: Ostroumov, 2008.

 

В научную терминологию введен новый термин: «экзометаболизм». Термин введен в книге:

С.А.Остроумов. Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов. М. МАКС-Пресс. 2008. 200 с.

Предисловие члена-корр. РАН В.В. Малахова.

Библиогр. : с.155-191.

(Серия: Наука. Образование. Инновации. Выпуск 9).

ISBN 978-5-317-02625-7.

 

http://scipeople.com/publication/68016/.

См. подробнее на стр. 9 этой книги.

 

 

Дополнительно о некоторых других результатах научной работы в этой и смежных областях:

http://b23.ru/k3th;

http://www.scribd.com/doc/83168032;

in Russian: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

key words: new, scientific, terminology, ecology, environmental science, biology, exometabolism, новая терминология, экзометаболизм, экология, биология

**ссылка на изображение – юмористический рис на тему «терминология»:

https://encrypted-tbn3.google.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcQJOe7U9IT8mbahIj-JcLARcl9vXInxpBE7sNF-5vFkfnav-ihW

 

Addition

About this author, in Russian: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

 

Interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

New scientific terminology. Integral metabolism.В научную терминологию введен новый термин: «интегральный метаболизм»

New scientific terminology. Integral metabolism.

Introduced in the book:  Ostroumov, 2008.

More info is given below:

В научную терминологию введен новый термин: «интегральный метаболизм». Термин введен в книге:

С.А.Остроумов. Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов. М. МАКС-Пресс. 2008. 200 с.

Предисловие члена-корр. РАН В.В. Малахова.

Библиогр. : с.155-191.

(Серия: Наука. Образование. Инновации. Выпуск 9).

ISBN 978-5-317-02625-7.

 

http://scipeople.com/publication/68016/.

См. подробнее на стр. 9 этой книги.

 

Дополнительно о некоторых других результатах научной работы в этой и смежных областях:

http://b23.ru/k3th;

http://www.scribd.com/doc/83168032;

in Russian: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

Addition:

interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

 

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

key words: new, scientific, terminology, ecology, environmental science, biology, integral metabolism, новая терминология, интегральный метаболизм, экология, биология

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology:

http://scipeople.com/group/380/topic/6102/;

www.scribd.com/doc/83168032/
INNOVATIONS, DISCOVERIES, in ecology, environmental sciences, biology
18 Items, in English;
List of Sites in Other Languages;
List of One-line Titles: Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology
**Part 1. SITES with comments IN SOME WORLD LANGUAGES:
In English:

In Chinese (simp.): http://www.scribd.com/doc/82323589/ In Chinese (trad.): http://www.scribd.com/doc/82374003/In French: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82323068/In-French In Indonesian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82369704/In-Indonesian;In Italian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82370780/; In Japanese: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82404969/In-Japanese; In Malay:http://www.scribd.com/doc/82409403/In-Malay; In Portuguese: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82463074/ In Spanish: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82469956/In-Spanish;.
Part 2. THE LIST OF THE DISCOVERIES, INNOVATIONS, FORMULATED IN ONE-LINE SENTENCES:
1. Innovative conceptualization: how ecosystems improve water quality.

2. Fundamentally new facts: hazardous biological and toxic effects of detergents.

3. Inhibitory analysis: A new method to explore top-down control in ecosystems.

4. A contribution to solution: the problem of criteria for environmental hazards.

5. A new contribution to solution: the problem of eutrophication.

6. New measurements: a quantitative estimate: the role of pellets of mollusks.

7. New facts, discovery: pollutants inhibit: fluxes (flows, transfers) of chemical elements.

8. Biomachinery. A new fundamental concept. New scientific term. Authored by Dr. S.A. O.

9. Modernized Terminology. A new improved definition. What is ‘ecosystem’?

10. New key facts. Scientific basis of technology. New phytotechnology: water treatment.

11. A new step. How to solve the problem. Stability of the biosphere.

12. A new component of the mechanism of regulation. Self-organization in the biosphere.

13. New serious hazards: low-level (sublethal) chemical pollution.

14. A new environmental hazard of pollution: damage to links between parts of ecosystems.

15. A new mechanism. How living organisms change the environment.

16. New fundamental concepts, terminology. Two-level synergism: man-made effects;

17. A new anthropogenic factor: initiation, stimulation of algal blooms.

18. New short list. The most urgent topics: environmental research in 21st
century

Addition:

interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

 

Key words:

regulation, trophic level, food chain, eutrophication, algal blooms, cyanobacterial blooms, red tide, brown tide, filter-feeders, bivalves, water bodies, streams,

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

About the author:

http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants.

 

 

Background.

In the previous parts of this series of the material posted, it was explained why it is so important to analyze the issues of aquatic environment, water quality, and related issues of how chemicals interact with aquatic organisms (see Part 1, [1]). Also, it was shown that aquatic organisms contribute a lot to improving water quality, as exemplified by the organisms that are filter-feeders (Part 2, [2]).

Goal.
In this material (which is item 3 to continue the series of previous posts on Environment, Water and Ecology [1, 2]), the goal is to consider additional eye-opening information on chemical pollutants of water, especially on the chemicals that until recently were considered as relatively safe, namely, synthetic surfactants.

Location in industrial products.

These chemicals – surfactants – are components of many industrial products of broad use: laundry detergents, shampoo, liquid soap, dish washing liquid detergents, cosmetics, car cosmetics, pipe washing mixtures (including pipes of various use, e.g., pipes for milk and pipes for gasoline), liquids for fire extinguishers, and even pesticide mixtures of broad use in agriculture, horticulture, and in making lawns and playing grounds for golf to look nice.

Variety of names.

These chemicals are known under various names: surfactants, detergents, tensides, surface-active substances, surface active agents.

Quantity. Discharge that pollutes the environment.

The daily discharge of surfactants to waste waters is more than 10 g per an average inhabitant of urbanized areas, which means a discharge of 10 thousand kilogram in a city of 1 million people, which is equal to 22 thousand pound every day or more than 6 million pound annually!

Safe or not?

Until recently the synthetic surfactants were considered as relatively safe chemicals. Their level of environmental hazard was considered far lower than the environmental hazards from the champions of pollution, the notorious ecotoxicants: heavy metals, chlororganic products, PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls), insecticides, herbicides, just to list a few …

Innovation and eye-opening discovery.

The point is that recent research [3 – 5] demonstrated that it was a wrong opinion. A key issue is the issue of criteria to use for assessment of  the environmental hazards of chemicals. Recently, a development of new criteria was made [3].
These criteria gave attention not only to easily visible lethal effects of chemicals (increase in mortality of the organisms tested in the experiments) but also to less noticeable sublethal effects (which decrease functional performance of the organisms and finally their health). Moreover, more attention was given to the ecosystem health.

New experiments showed a variety of negative effects of surfactants on bacteria and cyanobacteria, algae, higher plants and invertebrates, including mussels and oysters that are key organisms that are being grown in aquaculture [3-5].
The results on the new approach, and new experiments, were presented in a series of papers [4 ] and the book [5 ]. The results demonstrated that the synthetic surfactants pose a more serious hazard to environment, especially water environment [3 – 5], than it was previously thought.

This is the book [5], in which a large amount of innovative results of bioassay of synthetic surfactants and detergents is presented. As it was mentioned, the experiments discovered many negative effects of these chemicals on bacteria and cyanobacteria, algae, higher plants and aquatic invertebrates.

Bottom line.

As a matter of fact, the discovery is: a new hazard to environment, a new priority in preventing negative effects of chemical pollution, in prevention of deterioration of water quality.

Recognition: international scientific community.

The book mentioned and the related papers were cited by scientists of a number of countries as diverse as U.S.A., Germany, U.K., Denmark, Belgium, Netherlands, Austria, Spain, Turkey, China, Slovakia, and Argentina (in arbitrary order) [6].

Location of the laboratories.

This research was carried out at Moscow State University (Russia), Plymouth Marine Laboratory (U.K.), University of New York (U.S.A.), University of Maryland (U.S.A.), and the Institute of Biology of Southern Seas (Crimea, Ukraine). A concise summary was presented in [7].

Foam and surfactants: a contrasting variety of connotations, including Venus, or Aphrodite.

According to legends of the ancient Greek mythology, a foam produced by sea water was a place of birth of the goddess of love, Aphrodite (Venus in mythology of ancient Rome). Love (to Simonetta Vespucci, nicknamed la bella Simonetta) and the legend on Venus inspired a genius painter of Renaissance, Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli (c. 1445 – 1510), to create one of the most charming images of the cultural heritage of mankind: The Birth of Venus (in Italian: Nascita di Venere; 1486). However, the research project and the book that summarized its results and was mentioned above added some less charming connotations to another type of foam, namely the foam produced by synthetic surfactants.

Location of this post in the series of posts.

This post is No.3 in the series on Environment, Water and Ecology. The previous posts were:

[1] Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography.

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography


[2] on the discovery of the key role of organisms in making water clear http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/04/14/discovery-of-the-key-role-of-organisms-that-filter-water-and-make-it-clear/

**

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND KEY SITES:
[1] Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography.

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography


[2] on the discovery of the key role of organisms in making water clear http://sergostroumov.scienceblog.com/2012/04/14/discovery-of-the-key-role-of-organisms-that-filter-water-and-make-it-clear/
[3] new criteria for environmental hazards: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60891549; http://www.scribd.com/doc/49088234; www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12852181; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52636721/
[4] series of papers on ecotoxicology of surfactants and detergents: http://www.scribd.com/doc/49065593; http://www.scribd.com/doc/59417067/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/52634169/; http://www.springerlink.com/content/p7754h672w814m30/; http://www.scribd.com/doc/45914806; http://www.scribd.com/doc/45958156/; scribd.com/doc/59544597/;
[5] on the book Biological Effects of Surfactants : http://www.scribd.com/doc/64066178/;
[6] on citation: www.scribd.com/doc/54504932
[7] summary: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60757545;

Addition:

interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;

http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

On the author: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

Key words:
Venus, Aphrodite, love, goddess, environment, detergents, surfactants, tensides, surface active substances, pollutants, ecotoxicology, environmental, chemistry, water, sustainability; aquatic, ecosystem services, marine, resources, environmental safety, protection, hydrosphere, pollution, control, prevention, decontamination, book, biotesting, bioassay, phytotest, phytotoxicity, ecology, improving, water quality, environmental sciences, purification, self-purification, ecosystem health, freshwater, streams, water bodies, pollution control, sublethal, hazard assessment, aquaculture,

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography


Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology?
Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography.
About 400 billion gallons water is used worldwide each day. The goal of this material is to consider some publications in ecology and environmental science that are focused on aquatic ecosystems and their role in maintaining high level of water quality [see sites 1 – 4]. In pristine aquatic bodies – both marine and freshwater ecosystems – why is water pure, transparent, clear, of high water quality?
Until recently, the scientific fundamentals of this issue have not been completely understood. They were not understood until the recent series of papers authored by a scientist of M.V.Lomonosov Moscow University (see [2, 4]).
In this series of articles, what are the main ACHIEVEMENTS? The key achievements are making a new conceptualization and formulating a multi-aspect theory of how aquatic ecosystems and their biological communities with organisms of many biological species work towards improving water quality. These became the key achievements that were presented in the author’s publications [1-4, and therein].
To facilitate the innovative analysis and formulating a new theory, the author proposed some new scientific terminology [3] .
What are the relevant DISCOVERIES? They are some individual steps towards building this new conceptualization. They are 18 steps (discoveries) that were listed and described in [1].
Many experts think that the wars of future will perhaps be wars for water – in more precise terms, the wars for clear waters, for waters of good water quality. The theory mentioned above is perhaps an encouraging victory in another war – the eternal war of knowledge against ignorance.

 

***
Bibliography and Key sites:
1. http://www.scribd.com/doc/83168032/INNOVATIONS-DISCOVERIES-in-ecology-environmental-sciences-biology-18-Items-w-shrt-List-in-English-List-of-Sites-in-Other-Languages;
2. http://www.scribd.com/doc/82780861/Key-References-more-than-50-with-annotations-on-what-is-new-with-sites-of-free-texts-In-English-Dr-S-A-Ostroumov-Ecology-Environment-Water;
3. http://www.scribd.com/doc/82868065/BioMachinery-for-Maintaining-Water-Quality-and-Natural-Water-Self-purification-in-Marine-and-Estuarine-Systems-elements-of-a-qualitative-theory;
4. http://www.scribd.com/doc/79546542/Bibliography-in-English-Environmental-Science-Ecology-Biology-List-with-annotations-http-www-scribd-com-doc-79546542;

***

Key words:
Ecology, improving, water quality, fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography, environmental sciences, purification, self-purification, ecosystem health, ecosystem services, freshwater, marine, aquatic, resources, streams, water bodies, pollution control,