New environmental hazard: The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects

water body
New environmental hazards were discovered, which is of importance to protection of environment.
Article titled:

The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects.

  • S A Ostroumov
    S. A.Ostroumov
(Lab of Physico- Chemistry of Biomembranes, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Vorob’evy gory, Moscow, 119991 Russia).

Journal: Doklady Biological Sciences,  2001; 380:499-501.

 DOI 10.1023/A:1012348127085.
The paper presented new facts, new fundamental concepts, new terminology in science of ecology.
The rating of this article: excellent. See: rating at World Catalog. A favorable review was published at World Catalog: ;Discovery of a fundamentally new type of environmental hazards from chemical pollution. ;
The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects. – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, Volume 380, Numbers 1-6, p. 499-501.
ISSN: 0012-4966 (print version); ISSN: 1608-3105 (electronic version); Editor of the peer-reviewed journal: President of Russian Academy of Sciences;

Full text oline free:;

Innovation in a nutshell: A new fundamental concept and new scientific terms, to develop terminology in environmental science, in ecology: Two-Level Synergism, Synecological Summation of Anthropogenic Effects;
The author identified a new type of environmental hazard of anthropogenic impact (considering chemical pollution of water as an example). He proposed to term this new hazard “synecological summation” or “synergistic summation” of anthropogenic effects on organisms of two adjacent trophic levels. ** NEW FACTS: in the study reported in the paper, the following new type of environmental hazards was found. It was shown that even some relatively mild influences on organisms of two adjacent trophic levels may eventually produce a synergistic, pronounced and definitely undesirable effect which will lead to an abnormal increase in the abundance of organisms of one of the trophic levels. The concrete examples of that type of synergism were found when anthropogenic impacts affected the organisms of two adjacent trophic levels (an example: bivalves and algae). Some new  hazardous effects of an ecotoxicant, a synthetic detergent (exemplified by the trade mark Vesna) (1 mg/l) on the aquatic bivalve mollusks, oysters (Crassostrea gigas) were described. Also, some new effects of a detergent (exemplified by the trade mark IXI) (10 mg/l) on the marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis), were found; also, new effects of the detergent (exemplified by the trade mark Tide-Lemon) (50 mg/l) on M. galloprovincialis were discovered. ** CONCLUSION: The hazard of simultaneous influence of environmental pollution (e.g., by detergents) on organisms of the two adjacent trophic levels may occur when the pollutant produces effects on algae and bivalves that are filter-feeders. It means that a new type of environmental hazards was discovered. [MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica, distributed by Springer Science+Business Media LLC.; ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online)];
DOI 10.1023/A:1012348127085;

tags for this article:
oysters, Crassostrea gigas, mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis,
water quality, water, theory, synthetic substances, synergism, suspension feeders, surfactants, summation, services, self-purification, quality, pollution, pollutants, plankton, pellets, new hazards, mussels, marine, mariculture, management, man-made impact, man-made effects, invertebrates, inhibitors, improving, water quality, hydrosphere, hazards, functioning, freshwater, filter-feeders, environmetal safety, environmental, toxicology, environmental chemistry, environment, protection, ecotoxicology, services, ecosystems, ecosystem, ecohazard, detergents, chemical, pollution, cationic surfactant, Black_Sea, bivalvia, bivalves, biosphere, biogeochemistry, biogeochemical, bioassays, benthos, assessment, aquatic, organisms, aquaculture, anthropogenic, impact,

Author: Sergei Ostroumov

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