New environmental hazard: The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects

water body
New environmental hazards were discovered, which is of importance to protection of environment.
Article titled:

The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects.

  • S A Ostroumov
    S. A.Ostroumov
(Lab of Physico- Chemistry of Biomembranes, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Vorob’evy gory, Moscow, 119991 Russia).

Journal: Doklady Biological Sciences,  2001; 380:499-501.

 DOI 10.1023/A:1012348127085.
The paper presented new facts, new fundamental concepts, new terminology in science of ecology.
The rating of this article: excellent. See: rating at World Catalog. A favorable review was published at World Catalog:
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2014/07/rating-excellent-top-publications.html ;Discovery of a fundamentally new type of environmental hazards from chemical pollution.
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/10614388_The_hazard_of_a_two-level_synergism_of_synecological_summation_of_anthropogenic_effects ;
The hazard of a two-level synergism of synecological summation of anthropogenic effects. – Doklady Biological Sciences, 2001, Volume 380, Numbers 1-6, p. 499-501.
ISSN: 0012-4966 (print version); ISSN: 1608-3105 (electronic version); Editor of the peer-reviewed journal: President of Russian Academy of Sciences;

Full text oline free:

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/10614388_The_hazard;


Innovation in a nutshell: A new fundamental concept and new scientific terms, to develop terminology in environmental science, in ecology: Two-Level Synergism, Synecological Summation of Anthropogenic Effects;
Abstract:
The author identified a new type of environmental hazard of anthropogenic impact (considering chemical pollution of water as an example). He proposed to term this new hazard “synecological summation” or “synergistic summation” of anthropogenic effects on organisms of two adjacent trophic levels. ** NEW FACTS: in the study reported in the paper, the following new type of environmental hazards was found. It was shown that even some relatively mild influences on organisms of two adjacent trophic levels may eventually produce a synergistic, pronounced and definitely undesirable effect which will lead to an abnormal increase in the abundance of organisms of one of the trophic levels. The concrete examples of that type of synergism were found when anthropogenic impacts affected the organisms of two adjacent trophic levels (an example: bivalves and algae). Some new  hazardous effects of an ecotoxicant, a synthetic detergent (exemplified by the trade mark Vesna) (1 mg/l) on the aquatic bivalve mollusks, oysters (Crassostrea gigas) were described. Also, some new effects of a detergent (exemplified by the trade mark IXI) (10 mg/l) on the marine mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis), were found; also, new effects of the detergent (exemplified by the trade mark Tide-Lemon) (50 mg/l) on M. galloprovincialis were discovered. ** CONCLUSION: The hazard of simultaneous influence of environmental pollution (e.g., by detergents) on organisms of the two adjacent trophic levels may occur when the pollutant produces effects on algae and bivalves that are filter-feeders. It means that a new type of environmental hazards was discovered. [MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica, distributed by Springer Science+Business Media LLC.; ISSN 0012-4966 (Print) 1608-3105 (Online)];
DOI 10.1023/A:1012348127085; http://sites.google.com/site/2001dbs380p499synerg/

tags for this article:
oysters, Crassostrea gigas, mussels, Mytilus galloprovincialis,
water quality, water, theory, synthetic substances, synergism, suspension feeders, surfactants, summation, services, self-purification, quality, pollution, pollutants, plankton, pellets, new hazards, mussels, marine, mariculture, management, man-made impact, man-made effects, invertebrates, inhibitors, improving, water quality, hydrosphere, hazards, functioning, freshwater, filter-feeders, environmetal safety, environmental, toxicology, environmental chemistry, environment, protection, ecotoxicology, services, ecosystems, ecosystem, ecohazard, detergents, chemical, pollution, cationic surfactant, Black_Sea, bivalvia, bivalves, biosphere, biogeochemistry, biogeochemical, bioassays, benthos, assessment, aquatic, organisms, aquaculture, anthropogenic, impact,

Author: Sergei Ostroumov

all about S.O.: http://www.scribd.com/doc/80074854/All-About-Scientific-Results-and-Activities-of-Dr-Sergei-a-Ostroumov; http://b23.ru/k3th; also: http://www.famous-scientists.ru/3732/; On Twitter: http://twitter.com/Sergeiost; @sergeiost Key sites IN SEVEN SECTIONS: 1 AWARDS, HONORS; 2. DISCOVERIES; 3. PUBLICATIONS;4. CITATION; 5. COMMENTS, EVALUATIONS, REVIEWS; 6. AVAILABILITY IN LIBRARIES WORLDWIDE; 7. CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATION; **The key sites organized according to the six sections 1AWARDS, HONORS:Awards, Certification of quality of scientific results of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov: diplomas, certificates, medals: http://www.scribd.com/doc/79842122/; ** 2. DISCOVERIES: **EXAMPLES OF The key discoveries and innovations that were made by Dr. Sergei A. Ostroumov, and the scientific questions that were answered in his publications: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61828106/; **Discoveries: scribd.com/doc/594374393. ** 3. PUBLICATIONS: **Annotated English bibliography: In the form of a list; Environmental Science,Ecology. Dr. S.Ostroumov. with comments: http://www.scribd.com/doc/79546542; ** Key annotated bibliography on the most important issues of ecology, environment (the innovations authored by Dr. S. Ostroumov) with short comments on what is new, in the form of a simple table, which is easy to read and understand and use: http://www.scribd.com/doc/74026302; **Annotated bibliography in several languages, including: Arabic, Armenian, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, Nederlandse, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Moldovan, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/78605260/; **Most cited publications: www.scribd.com/doc/58228788 **Most viewed materials: www.scribd.com/doc/61435402 **Key papers: www.scribd.com/doc/63407123 **This book was acquired by the key world libraries: cover picture, abstract, list of the reviews of the books (favorable): http://www.scribd.com/doc/64066178/ **More bibliography:http://www.scribd.com/doc/81500941/; Bibliography of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov. At the service: Refdoc.fr 136 resultshttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81500264/; Bibliography of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov Accordingto Internet service http://worldwidescience.orghttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81482445/; Bibliography. Publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. Preview of first 2 pages. The list of publications according to the Internet service rd.springer.com; Preview of the first pages (page 1 and page 2) of each publication is available free at: http://rd.springer.comhttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81480498/; Dr.S.A.Ostroumov This is a list of some ofthe publications authored, co-authored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov according to the internet service AuthorMapper, http://www.scribd.com/doc/81474486/; Bibliography. HathiTrust Digital Library. Books authored, coauthored by Dr. S.A.Ostroumov HathiTrust Digital Library is a digital preservation repository and highly functional access platform. It provides long-term preservation and access serviceshttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81458011/Australia-papers-of-Russian-Scientist-Moscow-State-University-Cited-in-Australia-Examples-Bioassay-of-Phytotoxicity-of-Surfactants-Detergents-With-the; Papers of Russian scientists (Moscow State University) cited in Australia (examples).http://www.scribd.com/doc/81430208/; Gabriel, Gateway to Europe's National Libraries. Books and some other publications by Dr. S. Ostroumov. Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, France, Iceland, Italy, Serbia, Russia, Slovakia, Turkey, UK Pictures of the covers of the Books authored and co-authored by Dr. S. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/63499091/; Publications indexed: Web of Science: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82458780/; 4. CITATION: ** Scholars of these over 300 institutions (worldwide) have cited the publications (biology, ecology, environment) authored by Dr. Sergei A. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60225505; **Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Biology, updated; Citation of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov’s works in the U.S.A. http://www.scribd.com/doc/79577206 **World-wide citing Dr. S.O.: scribd.com/doc/54504932; **In Russian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/80564027/; ** Citation. The book 'Biological Effects of Surfactants' was cited by scientists of Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Austria, Slovakia, Germany, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Denmark, United Kingdom, Poland and other countries: www.scribd.com/doc/82403759/ 5. COMMENTS, EVALUATIONS, REVIEWS: **Evidence of merit: scribd.com/doc/59927430; **Reviews, evaluations of the publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. Diplomas, certificates. Language: English:http://www.scribd.com/doc/79818820/;**Reviews, evaluations; language: mainly Russian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/70758746/; 6. AVAILABILITY IN LIBRARIES WORLDWIDE: **Books, other works in University of California, other U.S. and key world schools: http://www.scribd.com/doc/79934197/; **The U.S.A., Harvard University, and some other institutions:http://www.scribd.com/doc/76963064/; **The U.S.A., Library of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT):http://www.scribd.com/doc/78915437/; **COUNTRIES WORLDWIDE: Availability of the books authored by Dr. S.A.O.: The libraries of a number of countries worldwide acquired the books, have the publications (ecology, environment, biology) by Dr. S. Ostroumov: Ecology, Biology, Environmental Sciences in the libraries of Europe, North America, Asia, Australia, Africa: Denmark, USA, Canada, France, Switzerland, Japan, China, Korea, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Slovakia, United Kingdom, Finland, Poland, Serbia, Turkey, Australia, New Zealand, Netherlands, Singapore, South Africa,Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and others: http://www.scribd.com/doc/77617474/; **Papers available in U.S. libraries. Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Aquatic Sciences, Biology. Authored, co-authored by Dr. S.A.Ostroumov:http://www.scribd.com/doc/80220904/; ** Publications (books, papers) available in U.S. Library: National AgriculturalLibrary (NAL) of USDA. In Catalog: Agricolahttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81677620/; 7. CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATION: **Some of Dr. S. Ostroumov’ s scientific results were used in lectures delivered to university students in the U.S.A., Germany, Netherlands, and other countries. More detail on how Dr. S. Ostroumov’s publications are being used to modernize education: **http://www.scribd.com/doc/53784108/Modernizing-education-Ostroumov; **http://b23.ru/nlov

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