Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders.

Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders.
DOI 10.1007/s10750-004-1875-1;;
Article in: Hydrobiologia. 2005. Vol. 542, No. 1. P. 275 – 286.

Paper, water quality, aquatic ecosystem, freshwater, marine, filter-feeders, bivalves, rotifers, filtration rate, clearance rate, surfactants, detergents, ecological taxation, ecological repair, chemical pollution, pollutants, tetradecyltrymethylammonium bromide, heavy metalsAbstract, features.

Article reference:

Ostroumov S.A. Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders. – Hydrobiologia. 2005. Vol. 542, No. 1. P. 275 – 286.


New concepts and terminology were introduced in the paper: ecological tax; ecological repair of water quality;

a review of the ecological role of filter-feeders, suspension feeders in water (both  freshwater and marine) ecosystems, a first paper to formulate a short  list of the most vital roles and functions as ecosystem engineers;

unique summary of quantitative data on filtration activity of invertebrates;

detailed, fresh-angle analysis of how filter-feeders contribute to water quality improvement and water self-purification;

a deeper understanding of ecosystem services as related to filter-feeders;

  • DOI: 10.1007/s10750-004-1875-1
  • Indexed: Web of Science. 
  •  New concepts and terminology were introduced in the paper: ecological tax; ecological repair of water quality. Opinion paper. Also, a review paper. 
  •  ISSN 0018-8158 (Print) 1573-5117 (Online).
  • Full text see: ;
  • ABSTRACT. The article gave a fresh review and innovative analysis of the vital role of filter-feeders in functioning and maintenance of stability of aquatic ecosystems (both freshwater and marine ones). The paper includes the following tables which summarize many relevant facts and innovative ideas. 
  • Tables: Table 1. Examples of the impact of filter-feeders on the water column: clearance time. Table 2. Examples of diversity of taxa of benthic organisms involved in removing seston from water, and filtration rates. Table 3. Effect of the increase in concentration of algae on the filtration rate and the amount consumed by rotifers Brachionus calyciflorus. Table 4. The ratio F:P in some groups of organisms (examples of what the author named “ecological taxation”, the new concept and term coined by the author). Table 5. The ratio F: (P+R) in some filter feeders. Table 6. Results of the ecological tax: biosediment formation in 6 ecosystems. Table 7. Contribution of various aquatic organisms to oxidation of organic matter in the ecosystem of the Sea of Okhotsk. Table 8. Some chemicals that inhibit the filtering activity of the filter-feeders (new data of the author). Table 9. Some features of water-filtering biomachinery: 6 fundamental principles. Table 10. The level-block approach to the analysis of ecological hazards of anthropogenic effects on the biota (the new conceptualization proposed by the author). 
  • Some fundamental principles that characterize the pivotal roles of the biodiversity of filter-feeders in ecosystems. Among those roles are: (1) the role of ecological repair (a new concept and term proposed by the author) of water quality, (2) the role of contributing to reliability and stability of the functioning of the ecosystem, (3) the role of contributing to creation of habitat heterogeneity, (4) the role of contributing to acceleration of migration of chemical elements. It is an important feature of the biomachinery of filter-feeders that it removes from water various suspended particles of a very broad range of sizes. Another important principle is that the amount of the organic matter filtered out of water is larger than the amount assimilated so that a significant part of the removed material serves no useful function to the organism of the filter-feeder, but serves a beneficial function to some other species and to the ecosystem as a whole. The new experiments by the author additionally demonstrated a vulnerability of the filtration activity of filter feeders (e.g. bivalves and rotifers) to some chemical pollutants and xenobiotics (e.g., synthetic surfactants exemplified by tetradecyltrymethylammonium bromide, and also heavy metals and some others). The inhibition of the filtration activity of filter-feeders may lead to the situation previously described as that of an ecological hazard of the second type. 
  • KEY WORDSwater quality, aquatic, ecosystem, freshwater, marine, filter-feeders, bivalves, rotifers, filtration rate, clearance rate, surfactants, detergents, ecological taxation, ecological repair, chemical pollution, pollutants, tetradecyltrymethylammonium bromide, heavy metals, mussels, oysters, mollusks, suspension feeders, self-purification, environmental, toxicology, ecotoxicology, ecology
  • .Full name of the author: in English: Sergei Andreevich Ostroumov; Sergei A. Ostroumov; in Russian: Сергей Андреевич Остроумов; С.А.Остроумов;
  •  CITATION of this article:
  • Innovation in ecology (filter-feeders): cited in U.S.A., U.K., Italy, Netherlands, Australia, Kuwait.; A paper on aquatic ecology (innovative analysis of the roles of filter-feeders in ecosystems) was well-cited in international literature, including countries as diverse as U.S.A., Australia, Kuwait, U.K. and some others. Reference to the paper: Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders.- Hydrobiologia. 2005. Vol. 542, No. 1. P. 275 – 286; DOI: 10.1007/s10750-004-1875-1; DOI: 10.1007/1-4020-4111-X_26; 
  • Innovation in ecology (filter-feeders): cited in U.S.A., U.K., Italy, Netherlands, Australia, Kuwait;
  • Examples of the papers that cited this article, selected
  • U.S.A.: Douglas H. Erwin, and Sarah Tweedt . Ecological drivers of the Ediacaran-Cambrian diversification of Metazoa. — Evolutionary Ecology. 2011 [Abstract: Organismal modifications to their physical and chemical environment play a significant role in structuring many modern ecosystems, …] DOI: 10.1007/s10682-011-9505-7;; published online 13 July 2011;
  •  U.S.A.: Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 27(2): 409-423. 2008; doi: 10.1899/07-058.1;; Community and foodweb ecology of freshwater mussels; Caryn C. Vaughn, S. Jerrine Nichols, Daniel E. Spooner. 
  • ITALY: Margherita Licciano, Antonio Terlizzi, Adriana Giangrande, Rosa Anna Cavallo, Loredana Stabili. Filter-feeder macroinvertebrates as key players in culturable bacteria biodiversity control: a case of study with Sabella spallanzanii (Polychaeta: Sabellidae).- Marine Environmental Research, 64, 4 (2007) 504. [1 Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Biologiche ed Ambientali (DiSTeBA), Via Prov. Lecce- Monteroni, 73100-Lecce, Italy; 2 Istituto per l’Ambiente Marino Costiero – Sezione di Taranto – CNR, Via Roma 3, 74100-Taranto, Italy];
  • ITALY: New Biotechnology, Volume 29, Issue 3, 15 February 2012, Pages 443–450; doi: 10.1016/j.nbt.2011.11.003; The lipidic extract of the seaweed Gracilariopsis longissima (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales): a potential resource for biotechnological purposes? L. Stabili a, b, M.I. Acquaviva a, F. Biandolino a, R.A. Cavallo a, S.A. De Pascali b, F.P. Fanizzi b, M. Narracci a, A. Petrocelli a, E. Cecere a; a Institute for Coastal Marine Environment (IAMC)–CNR, U.O.S. Taranto, Talassografico “A. Cerruti”, Via Roma 3 – 74100 Taranto, Italy; b Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences and Technologies (Di.S.Te.B.A.), Università del Salento, via Prov.le Lecce Monteroni – 73100 Lecce, Italy; 
  • NETHERLANDS: M. Harty. Christmas tree worms (Spirobranchus giganteus) as a potential bioindicator species of sedimentation stress in coral reef environments of Bonaire, Dutch Caribbean – Physis, 2011, vol.9, p.20-30. The full text see:; Netherlands 
  • AUSTRALIA: Dafforn K.A., Glasby T.M., Johnston E.L. (2012) Comparing the Invasibility of Experimental “Reefs” with Field Observations of Natural Reefs and Artificial Structures. PLoS ONE 7(5): e38124. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0038124; ** Affiliation: Katherine A. Dafforn 1*, Tim M. Glasby 2, Emma L. Johnston 1; 1 Evolution and Ecology Research Centre, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; 2 New South Wales Department of Primary Industries, Port Stephens Fisheries Institute, Nelson Bay, New South Wales, Australia; 
  • UNITED KINGDOM, KUWAIT: Mesopot. J. Mar. Sci., 2010, 25 (1): 11 – 30. The effect of salinity and temperature on the uptake of cadmium and zinc by the common blue mussel, Mytilus edulis with some notes on their survival. M. Ali¹ and A. Taylor²*; ¹Aquaculture, Fisheries and Marine Environment Department, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box 1638, Salmiya 22017, Kuwait; ²Faculty of Biomedical & Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8QQ, United Kingdom; *e-mail: [email protected];
  • U.S.A.:  Yates, Jennifer Maria, “Influences of a Cladophora Bloom on the Diets of Amblema Plicata and Elliptio Dilatata in the Upper Green River, Kentucky” (2012). Masters Theses & Specialist Projects. Paper 1221. 
  • U.S.A. Citation in the text of Thesis written at Western Kentucky University, U.S.A.: A fragment of the text: Mussels assimilate only part of the organic matter they consume (Ostroumov, 2005). The consumed materials that aren’t assimilated, however, are not lost from the food web to respiration or burial. Instead, they are deposited on surface sediments in the form of feces or pseudofeces (Strayer et al., 1999). Thus, part of what mussels ingest is not of direct use to them but can reenter the ecosystem (Ostroumov, 2005). Both 5 suspension feeders and deposit feeders benefit from this cycling of matter (Howard & Cuffey, 2006). The excretory waste products of mussels, or “biodeposits”, are..

Author: Sergei Ostroumov

all about S.O.:;; also:; On Twitter:; @sergeiost Key sites IN SEVEN SECTIONS: 1 AWARDS, HONORS; 2. DISCOVERIES; 3. PUBLICATIONS;4. CITATION; 5. COMMENTS, EVALUATIONS, REVIEWS; 6. AVAILABILITY IN LIBRARIES WORLDWIDE; 7. CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATION; **The key sites organized according to the six sections 1AWARDS, HONORS:Awards, Certification of quality of scientific results of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov: diplomas, certificates, medals:; ** 2. DISCOVERIES: **EXAMPLES OF The key discoveries and innovations that were made by Dr. Sergei A. Ostroumov, and the scientific questions that were answered in his publications:; **Discoveries: ** 3. PUBLICATIONS: **Annotated English bibliography: In the form of a list; Environmental Science,Ecology. Dr. S.Ostroumov. with comments:; ** Key annotated bibliography on the most important issues of ecology, environment (the innovations authored by Dr. S. Ostroumov) with short comments on what is new, in the form of a simple table, which is easy to read and understand and use:; **Annotated bibliography in several languages, including: Arabic, Armenian, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, Nederlandse, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Moldovan, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian:; **Most cited publications: **Most viewed materials: **Key papers: **This book was acquired by the key world libraries: cover picture, abstract, list of the reviews of the books (favorable): **More bibliography:; Bibliography of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov. At the service: 136 results; Bibliography of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov Accordingto Internet service http://worldwidescience.org; Bibliography. Publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. Preview of first 2 pages. The list of publications according to the Internet service; Preview of the first pages (page 1 and page 2) of each publication is available free at: http://rd.springer.com; Dr.S.A.Ostroumov This is a list of some ofthe publications authored, co-authored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov according to the internet service AuthorMapper,; Bibliography. HathiTrust Digital Library. Books authored, coauthored by Dr. S.A.Ostroumov HathiTrust Digital Library is a digital preservation repository and highly functional access platform. It provides long-term preservation and access services; Papers of Russian scientists (Moscow State University) cited in Australia (examples).; Gabriel, Gateway to Europe's National Libraries. Books and some other publications by Dr. S. Ostroumov. Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, France, Iceland, Italy, Serbia, Russia, Slovakia, Turkey, UK Pictures of the covers of the Books authored and co-authored by Dr. S. Ostroumov:; Publications indexed: Web of Science:; 4. CITATION: ** Scholars of these over 300 institutions (worldwide) have cited the publications (biology, ecology, environment) authored by Dr. Sergei A. Ostroumov:; **Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Biology, updated; Citation of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov’s works in the U.S.A. **World-wide citing Dr. S.O.:; **In Russian:; ** Citation. The book 'Biological Effects of Surfactants' was cited by scientists of Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Austria, Slovakia, Germany, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Denmark, United Kingdom, Poland and other countries: 5. COMMENTS, EVALUATIONS, REVIEWS: **Evidence of merit:; **Reviews, evaluations of the publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. Diplomas, certificates. Language: English:;**Reviews, evaluations; language: mainly Russian:; 6. AVAILABILITY IN LIBRARIES WORLDWIDE: **Books, other works in University of California, other U.S. and key world schools:; **The U.S.A., Harvard University, and some other institutions:; **The U.S.A., Library of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT):; **COUNTRIES WORLDWIDE: Availability of the books authored by Dr. S.A.O.: The libraries of a number of countries worldwide acquired the books, have the publications (ecology, environment, biology) by Dr. S. Ostroumov: Ecology, Biology, Environmental Sciences in the libraries of Europe, North America, Asia, Australia, Africa: Denmark, USA, Canada, France, Switzerland, Japan, China, Korea, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Slovakia, United Kingdom, Finland, Poland, Serbia, Turkey, Australia, New Zealand, Netherlands, Singapore, South Africa,Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and others:; **Papers available in U.S. libraries. Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Aquatic Sciences, Biology. Authored, co-authored by Dr. S.A.Ostroumov:; ** Publications (books, papers) available in U.S. Library: National AgriculturalLibrary (NAL) of USDA. In Catalog: Agricola; 7. CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATION: **Some of Dr. S. Ostroumov’ s scientific results were used in lectures delivered to university students in the U.S.A., Germany, Netherlands, and other countries. More detail on how Dr. S. Ostroumov’s publications are being used to modernize education: **; **

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