New conceptualization and terminology in science of ecology: Biomachinery (author of the term: a scientist at M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University)

New terminology in science: Biomachinery (the author is a scientist at M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University)

Новый термин. В научную терминологию введен новый термин: Biomachinery (автор термина: научный сотрудник МГУ им. М.В.Ломоносова)

How the term ‘biomachinery’ was introduced to environmental and biological science:

The story started in 1998.

In 1998, Dr. S.A. Ostroumov initiated and later chaired the session “Ecosystems as Hi-Tech Water Purification Biomachinery” at the ASLO Meeting Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico, the U.S.A.; it is the first time that he introduced the scientific term ‘biomachinery’.  Publication: See the abstract: Ostroumov S.A. Integrity-oriented approach to ecological biomachinery for self-purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems. – Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico. ASLO (American Society of Limnology and Oceanography), Waco, TX. 1999. P. 134;

The term is clear in its 2-part structure and almost self-explanatory. It conveys the idea of a mix of two things in mechanisms of functioning of ecological systems: one thing is individual biological organisms, and the second thing is their complex self-organization into a well-structured and efficient system so that  the entire system functions as a hi-tech machine.

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The examples of the author’s publications where the term ‘biomachinery’ was used and discussed in a number of publications authored by S.A.Ostroumov – the list of the publications is presented below.

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http://www.scribd.com/doc/82868065/Bio-Machinery-for-Maintaining-Water-Quality-and-Natural-Water-Self-purification-in-Marine-and-

 

S.A. Ostroumov. Biomachinery for maintaining water quality and natural water self-purification in marine and estuarine systems: elements of a qualitative theory. – International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography, ISSN 0973-2667, Vol.1, No.1 (2006), pp. 111-118 © Research India Publications; http://www.ripublication.com/ijoo.htm;

[Laboratory of Physico-Chemistry of Biomembranes, Faculty of Biology, Moscow State University, Vorob’evy Gory, Moscow, 119991, Russia]

Abstract: Fundamental elements are formulated for a qualitative theory of the multi-functional (polyfunctional) role of the biota in maintaining self-purification and water quality in aquatic ecosystems. The elements of the theory covers the following: (1) sources of energy for the mechanisms of self-purification; (2) the main functional blocks of the system of self-purification; (3) the list of the main processes that are involved; (4) analysis of the degree of participation of the main large taxons; (5) degree of reliability and the main mechanisms providing the reliability; (6)regulation of the processes; (7) the response of the system towards the external influences(man-made impacts); (8) the analogy between ecosystems and a bioreactor; and (9)conclusions relevant to the practice of biodiversity conservation. In support of the theory, results are given of the author’s experiments which demonstrated the ability of some pollutants (surfactants, detergents, and some others) to inhibit the water filtration activity of marine filter-feeders (namely, the bivalve mollusks  mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis, Mytilus edulis, and oysters Crassostrea gigas). Key words: Ecosystems, pollution, water quality, water self-purification, filter-feeders. Abbreviations: LD – liquid detergent; SD- synthetic detergent; SDS – sodiumdodecylsulphate; TDTMA – tetradecyltrimethyl ammonium bromide;

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http://www.scribd.com/doc/61779321/8-Legendary-discoveries-biomachinery; New Discovery: BIOMACHINERY.

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http://www.citeulike.org/user/ATP/article/9925779

 

Ostroumov S.A. Filter-feeders as part of ecological biomachinery to purify water // Verh. Internat. Verein. Limnol. 2005. Vol. 29/2 (Stuttgart,E.Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung), p.1072-1075; Fundamental key innovation. The author introduced a new fundamental concept in the science of hydrobiology and aquatic ecology: biomachinery of water self-purification. The aquatic invertebrates that are filter-feeders constitute a vital part of the complex of aquatic organisms which are involved in the biomachinery of improving water quality. http://www.schweizerbart.de/pubs/books/es/verhandlun-167002902-desc.html; http://www.borntraeger-cramer.de/publications/detail/isbn/9783510540662/XXIX-Congress-Lahti-Finland-8—14-August-2004; http://www.springerlink.com/index/R9PTJEQ5FK8VLA6M.pdf ; http://blog.researchgate.net/masterblog/619_Vital_role_of_aquatic_organisms_in_improving_water_quality.

How the term ‘biomachinery’ was introduced to science: it happened in 1999. See the abstract: Ostroumov S.A. Integrity-oriented approach to ecological biomachinery for self-purification and bioremediation in aquatic ecosystems. – Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico. ASLO, Waco, TX. 1999. P. 134; Dr. S.A. Ostroumov initiated and chaired the session “Ecosystems as Hi-Tech Water Purification Biomachinery” at the ASLO Meeting Limnology and Oceanography: Navigating into the Next Century. February 1-5, 1999, Santa Fe, New Mexico; it is the first time that he introduced the scientific term ‘biomachinery’.

http://www.citeulike.org/user/ATP/article/9925779

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Book: Ostroumov S.A. Aquatic organisms in water self-purification. Moscow. Max-Press, 2008, 200 p. (the Russian version of the title: Гидробионты в самоочищении вод). Chapter 1 was written in English. On page 4, the title of Chapter 1 is: “Theory of biocontrol of water quality and biomachinery of self-purification”.

The book got excellent evaluations in the published reviews:

http://sites.google.com/site/ostroumovsa/—/———–2008—–2009;

http://www.scribd.com/doc/74988105/

The list of the reviews:

Зимнюков В.А. Рецензия на книгу Остроумова С.А. «Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов» // Водное  хозяйство России: проблемы, технологии, управление.  2009. № 1. С. 103-106. ISSN 1999-4508. http://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=12957127     ( = Zimnyukov V.A. Review of the book: S.A. Ostroumov. Gidrobionty v samoochischenii vod i biogennoy migratsii elementov // Water Sector of Russia: Problems, Technologies, Management (=Vodnoe  Khozyaystvo Rossii. 2009. № 1. p.103-106).

Капица А.П. Kapitsa A.P.  (член-корр. РАН) Review of the book:  S.A. Ostroumov. Aquatic organisms in water self-purification and biogenic migration of elements. Moscow. MAX Press. 2008. 200 p. – Ecologica, 2009. V.16 (53). P.8. на английском языке.

Розенберг Г.С. (чл.-корр. РАН, директор Института экологии Волжского бассейна РАН) Рецензия на кн.: С. А. Остроумов. Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов //  Биология моря.  2009. том 35, No. 3, С. 237-238. [ = Rozenberg G.S. Book Review: S. A. Ostroumov. Gidrobionty v samoochishchenii vod i biogennoj migracii elementov //  Biologiya morya (Russian Journal of Marine Biology).  2009. Vol. 35 (3). P. 237-238].

Ермаков В.В. (профессор, Заслуженный деятель науки РФ, зав. лабораторией Института РАН) О книге С.А.Остроумова «Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов» // Вода: химия и экология. 2009. №8. с.25-29. Библиогр. 26 назв. Аннотация: Представлена новая теория биомеханизмов самоочищения воды, изложенная в книге доктора биологических наук С.А.Остроумова «Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов». Гидробионты (водные организмы) активно участвуют в процессах, ведущих к очищению воды. В них участвуют почти все группы живых организмов, что анализируется в статье с различных сторон. При разработке теории были использованы результаты опытов автора, изучавшего воздействие поллютантов на живые организмы. Изложенная теория служит инновационной основой для создания новых экотехнологий очищения воды и повышения ее качества с использованием водных организмов.

Подробнее об авторе книги: http://www.famous-scientists.ru/3732/;

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Элементы теории биоконтроля качества воды: фактор экологической безопасности источников водоснабжения (=Elements of the theory of biocontrol of water quality: a factor in the ecological safety of the sources of water = Elements of the theory of biocontrol of water quality: the factor in the ecological safety of the sources of water]) //  Химическая и биологическая безопасность (= Chemical and Biological Safety). 2008. No. 5-6. с.36-39. Библиогр. 22 назв. [http://www.cbsafety.ru/rus/saf_41_3.asp; http://scipeople.com/publication/67386/] (D:\_     готовить в печать\Химическая и биологическая безопасность\о моей книгеГидроб2008\_В хим био безоп4 о книгеГидробионты2008с путем.doc). Представлена новая теория биомеханизмов самоочищения воды, изложенная в книге автора «Гидробионты в самоочищении вод и биогенной миграции элементов» (М.: МАКС Пресс, 2008,  200 с.). Гидробионты активно участвуют в процессах, ведущих к очищению воды. В них участвуют почти все группы живых организмов, что анализируется в статье с различных сторон. При разработке теории были использованы результаты опытов автора, изучавшего воздействие поллютантов на живые организмы. Изложенная теория служит инновационной основой для создания новых экотехнологий очищения воды и повышения ее качества с использованием водных организмов. Представлены и обоснованы новые основные концепции, в том числе понятия и термины: biomachinery, экзометаболизм, экологические хеморегуляторы, экологические хемомедиаторы, макросимбиотические системы и другие. Новые  результаты автора по выявлению свойства синтетических поверхностно-активных веществ (ПАВ) подавлять фильтрацию воды двустворчатыми моллюсками были признаны научным открытием и отмечены Дипломом за научное открытие № 274. Теория вносит вклад в научные основы укрепления экологической безопасности водных экосистем (водоемов и водотоков), которые служат источниками водоснабжения.

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As it was mentioned above, the term ‘biomachinery’ was a part of the name for a scientific session that was initiated, organized, and chaired by Dr. S.Ostroumov in 1999 in the U.S.A. It was mentioned in Internet and immediately attracted attention. Many people liked it. Now this word became a new part of English language. Now this word is in use.

Addition

About this author, in Russian: http://famous-scientists.ru/3732/

 

Interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/normal-0-false-false-false-ru-x-none-x_03.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/environmental-science-key-bibliography.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/websites-on-scientific-activities-of.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/blog-post.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/discovery-of-inhibitory-analysis-in.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/aquatic-macrophyte-ceratophyllum.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/04/well-cited-article-inhibitory-analysis.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/innovative-contribution-to-solution-to.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/new-scientific-terminology-integral.html;
http://5bio5.blogspot.com/2012/05/monetary-estimate-of-good-scientific.html;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

KEY WORDS: biomachinery, new terminology, environmental sciences, biology,  Moscow State University, S.A.Ostroumov, новый термин, науки об окружающей среде, экология, МГУ

Author: Sergei Ostroumov

all about S.O.: http://www.scribd.com/doc/80074854/All-About-Scientific-Results-and-Activities-of-Dr-Sergei-a-Ostroumov; http://b23.ru/k3th; also: http://www.famous-scientists.ru/3732/; On Twitter: http://twitter.com/Sergeiost; @sergeiost Key sites IN SEVEN SECTIONS: 1 AWARDS, HONORS; 2. DISCOVERIES; 3. PUBLICATIONS;4. CITATION; 5. COMMENTS, EVALUATIONS, REVIEWS; 6. AVAILABILITY IN LIBRARIES WORLDWIDE; 7. CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATION; **The key sites organized according to the six sections 1AWARDS, HONORS:Awards, Certification of quality of scientific results of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov: diplomas, certificates, medals: http://www.scribd.com/doc/79842122/; ** 2. DISCOVERIES: **EXAMPLES OF The key discoveries and innovations that were made by Dr. Sergei A. Ostroumov, and the scientific questions that were answered in his publications: http://www.scribd.com/doc/61828106/; **Discoveries: scribd.com/doc/594374393. ** 3. PUBLICATIONS: **Annotated English bibliography: In the form of a list; Environmental Science,Ecology. Dr. S.Ostroumov. with comments: http://www.scribd.com/doc/79546542; ** Key annotated bibliography on the most important issues of ecology, environment (the innovations authored by Dr. S. Ostroumov) with short comments on what is new, in the form of a simple table, which is easy to read and understand and use: http://www.scribd.com/doc/74026302; **Annotated bibliography in several languages, including: Arabic, Armenian, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, Nederlandse, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Moldovan, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/78605260/; **Most cited publications: www.scribd.com/doc/58228788 **Most viewed materials: www.scribd.com/doc/61435402 **Key papers: www.scribd.com/doc/63407123 **This book was acquired by the key world libraries: cover picture, abstract, list of the reviews of the books (favorable): http://www.scribd.com/doc/64066178/ **More bibliography:http://www.scribd.com/doc/81500941/; Bibliography of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov. At the service: Refdoc.fr 136 resultshttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81500264/; Bibliography of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov Accordingto Internet service http://worldwidescience.orghttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81482445/; Bibliography. Publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. Preview of first 2 pages. The list of publications according to the Internet service rd.springer.com; Preview of the first pages (page 1 and page 2) of each publication is available free at: http://rd.springer.comhttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81480498/; Dr.S.A.Ostroumov This is a list of some ofthe publications authored, co-authored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov according to the internet service AuthorMapper, http://www.scribd.com/doc/81474486/; Bibliography. HathiTrust Digital Library. Books authored, coauthored by Dr. S.A.Ostroumov HathiTrust Digital Library is a digital preservation repository and highly functional access platform. It provides long-term preservation and access serviceshttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81458011/Australia-papers-of-Russian-Scientist-Moscow-State-University-Cited-in-Australia-Examples-Bioassay-of-Phytotoxicity-of-Surfactants-Detergents-With-the; Papers of Russian scientists (Moscow State University) cited in Australia (examples).http://www.scribd.com/doc/81430208/; Gabriel, Gateway to Europe's National Libraries. Books and some other publications by Dr. S. Ostroumov. Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, France, Iceland, Italy, Serbia, Russia, Slovakia, Turkey, UK Pictures of the covers of the Books authored and co-authored by Dr. S. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/63499091/; Publications indexed: Web of Science: http://www.scribd.com/doc/82458780/; 4. CITATION: ** Scholars of these over 300 institutions (worldwide) have cited the publications (biology, ecology, environment) authored by Dr. Sergei A. Ostroumov: http://www.scribd.com/doc/60225505; **Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Biology, updated; Citation of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov’s works in the U.S.A. http://www.scribd.com/doc/79577206 **World-wide citing Dr. S.O.: scribd.com/doc/54504932; **In Russian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/80564027/; ** Citation. The book 'Biological Effects of Surfactants' was cited by scientists of Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Austria, Slovakia, Germany, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Denmark, United Kingdom, Poland and other countries: www.scribd.com/doc/82403759/ 5. COMMENTS, EVALUATIONS, REVIEWS: **Evidence of merit: scribd.com/doc/59927430; **Reviews, evaluations of the publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. Diplomas, certificates. Language: English:http://www.scribd.com/doc/79818820/;**Reviews, evaluations; language: mainly Russian: http://www.scribd.com/doc/70758746/; 6. AVAILABILITY IN LIBRARIES WORLDWIDE: **Books, other works in University of California, other U.S. and key world schools: http://www.scribd.com/doc/79934197/; **The U.S.A., Harvard University, and some other institutions:http://www.scribd.com/doc/76963064/; **The U.S.A., Library of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT):http://www.scribd.com/doc/78915437/; **COUNTRIES WORLDWIDE: Availability of the books authored by Dr. S.A.O.: The libraries of a number of countries worldwide acquired the books, have the publications (ecology, environment, biology) by Dr. S. Ostroumov: Ecology, Biology, Environmental Sciences in the libraries of Europe, North America, Asia, Australia, Africa: Denmark, USA, Canada, France, Switzerland, Japan, China, Korea, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Slovakia, United Kingdom, Finland, Poland, Serbia, Turkey, Australia, New Zealand, Netherlands, Singapore, South Africa,Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and others: http://www.scribd.com/doc/77617474/; **Papers available in U.S. libraries. Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Aquatic Sciences, Biology. Authored, co-authored by Dr. S.A.Ostroumov:http://www.scribd.com/doc/80220904/; ** Publications (books, papers) available in U.S. Library: National AgriculturalLibrary (NAL) of USDA. In Catalog: Agricolahttp://www.scribd.com/doc/81677620/; 7. CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATION: **Some of Dr. S. Ostroumov’ s scientific results were used in lectures delivered to university students in the U.S.A., Germany, Netherlands, and other countries. More detail on how Dr. S. Ostroumov’s publications are being used to modernize education: **http://www.scribd.com/doc/53784108/Modernizing-education-Ostroumov; **http://b23.ru/nlov

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