Seafood: New threat to aquaculture of marine mussels … and cultural heritage of Europe


  New threat to aquaculture of marine mussels
This is about the bivalve mollusk, blue mussel Mytilus edulis.


Marine mussels are a source of delicious and healthy food. Marine mussels are a staple of many seafood dishes in various cuisines including Spanish, French, Italian, Dutch, Portuguese, Belgian, and others …
They are cultivated as aquaculture.

The pictures of these mollusks, with the Latin name Mytilus edulis, are given below.


The life cycle of marine mussels is presented here:


The geographical range of this species is on the map:


Discovery, scientific innovation.

New research discovered a new threat to marine mussels. It was found [2-7] that the mussels decreased their water filtration rate under the effect of some synthetic chemicals that pollute seawater. The name of these organic chemicals is surfactants (surface active substances, surface active agents). The surfactants are the key foam-forming component of detergents and shampoos.

Additional scientific information.

More about the effects of surfactants see in the blogs [1], and in the scientific papers [2 – 7 ].
This post is the forth one, to continue the series of posts on environmental and ecological issues [1-3].

Mussels and cultural heritage: poetry

Marine mussels  were mentioned in the song – the song that tells the fictional tale of a beautiful fishmonger :

In Dublin’s fair city,
Where the girls are so pretty,
I first set my eyes on sweet Molly Malone,
As she wheeled her wheel-barrow,
Through streets broad and narrow,
Crying, “Cockles and mussels, alive, alive,
[“Molly Malone” (also known as “Cockles and Mussels” or “In Dublin’s Fair City“),
a popular song, set in Dublin, Ireland,
which has become the unofficial anthem of Dublin City]


A legend grew up that there was a lady Molly, who lived in the 17th century.

In some books, she  is  represented as a hawker by day and part-time prostitute by night [8].

In 1988 the Dublin Millennium Commission endorsed claims concerning a Molly Malone who died on 13 June 1699, and proclaimed 13 June to be “Molly Malone day”  [8].

The Molly Malone statue:

The Molly Malone statue in Grafton Street (Dublin) was unveiled by Lord Mayor of Dublin, Alderman Ben Briscoe during the 1988 Dublin Millennium celebrations, declaring 13 June as Molly Malone Day.

This poem and song became really important.

Therefore, conservation and survival of this species of bivalve mollusks is important from various perspectives: not only for reasons of food but also for reasons of cultural heritage.

References (marine mussels Mytilus edulis were studied):

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

[2] Inhibitory analysis of top-down control: new keys to studying eutrophication, algal blooms, and water self-purification. – Hydrobiologia, Vol. 469, No. 1. , pp. 117-129, [Improving water quality, sustainability, environment safety];


[3] An Amphiphilic Substance Inhibits the Mollusk Capacity to Filter out Phytoplankton Cells from Water. – Biology Bulletin, Vol. 28, No. 1. , pp. 95-102, doi:10.1023/A:1026671024000


[4] Studying effects of some surfactants and detergents on filter-feeding bivalves. – Hydrobiologia, Vol. 500, No. 1. , pp. 341-344, doi:10.1023/A:1024604904065;
[5] О биотическом самоочищении водных экосистем. Элементы теории. – Доклады Академии Наук (ДАН, Doklady Akademii Nauk). Vol.396. No. 1. p.136-141 :,,;
[6] Some aspects of water filtering activity of filter-feeders; In: Aquatic Biodiversity II, (edited by: H. Segers, K. Martens) Vol. 180, pp. 275-286, doi:10.1007/1-4020-4111-X_26;

[7] Also see:;

[8] Siobhán Marie Kilfeather, Dublin: a cultural history, Oxford University Press US, 2005, p. 6.


interesting posts on innovations in environmental science:;;;;;;;;;;

A new way of mining gold from water? Environment, Nanomaterials, Water, Gold. Know-how using biological

Discovery of the key role of organisms that filter water and make it clear

Venus, or Aphrodite, goddess of love, Environment, Water and Ecology. Environmental role of synthetic surfactants

Will wars of future be related to modern science and theories of ecology? Key issues, water quality: scientific fundamentals, achievements, discoveries, bibliography

Discoveries, innovations in environmental sciences, ecology

New facts on hazardous biological and toxic effects of surfactants and detergents: paradigm shifted

On the author:

ecological, discoveries, 2012, science, terminological,

key words: New threat, aquaculture, marine mussels, blue mussel, Mytilus edulis, staple food, seafood, dishes, cuisines, pollution, detergents, surfactants, water quality, environmental toxicology, аквакультура, мидии, детергенты,

Author: Sergei Ostroumov

all about S.O.:;; also:; On Twitter:; @sergeiost Key sites IN SEVEN SECTIONS: 1 AWARDS, HONORS; 2. DISCOVERIES; 3. PUBLICATIONS;4. CITATION; 5. COMMENTS, EVALUATIONS, REVIEWS; 6. AVAILABILITY IN LIBRARIES WORLDWIDE; 7. CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATION; **The key sites organized according to the six sections 1AWARDS, HONORS:Awards, Certification of quality of scientific results of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov: diplomas, certificates, medals:; ** 2. DISCOVERIES: **EXAMPLES OF The key discoveries and innovations that were made by Dr. Sergei A. Ostroumov, and the scientific questions that were answered in his publications:; **Discoveries: ** 3. PUBLICATIONS: **Annotated English bibliography: In the form of a list; Environmental Science,Ecology. Dr. S.Ostroumov. with comments:; ** Key annotated bibliography on the most important issues of ecology, environment (the innovations authored by Dr. S. Ostroumov) with short comments on what is new, in the form of a simple table, which is easy to read and understand and use:; **Annotated bibliography in several languages, including: Arabic, Armenian, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, Nederlandse, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, Georgian, German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Persian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Moldovan, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian:; **Most cited publications: **Most viewed materials: **Key papers: **This book was acquired by the key world libraries: cover picture, abstract, list of the reviews of the books (favorable): **More bibliography:; Bibliography of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov. At the service: 136 results; Bibliography of Dr. S.A.Ostroumov Accordingto Internet service http://worldwidescience.org; Bibliography. Publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. Preview of first 2 pages. The list of publications according to the Internet service; Preview of the first pages (page 1 and page 2) of each publication is available free at: http://rd.springer.com; Dr.S.A.Ostroumov This is a list of some ofthe publications authored, co-authored by Dr. S.A. Ostroumov according to the internet service AuthorMapper,; Bibliography. HathiTrust Digital Library. Books authored, coauthored by Dr. S.A.Ostroumov HathiTrust Digital Library is a digital preservation repository and highly functional access platform. It provides long-term preservation and access services; Papers of Russian scientists (Moscow State University) cited in Australia (examples).; Gabriel, Gateway to Europe's National Libraries. Books and some other publications by Dr. S. Ostroumov. Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, France, Iceland, Italy, Serbia, Russia, Slovakia, Turkey, UK Pictures of the covers of the Books authored and co-authored by Dr. S. Ostroumov:; Publications indexed: Web of Science:; 4. CITATION: ** Scholars of these over 300 institutions (worldwide) have cited the publications (biology, ecology, environment) authored by Dr. Sergei A. Ostroumov:; **Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Biology, updated; Citation of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov’s works in the U.S.A. **World-wide citing Dr. S.O.:; **In Russian:; ** Citation. The book 'Biological Effects of Surfactants' was cited by scientists of Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, Austria, Slovakia, Germany, Argentina, Saudi Arabia, Denmark, United Kingdom, Poland and other countries: 5. COMMENTS, EVALUATIONS, REVIEWS: **Evidence of merit:; **Reviews, evaluations of the publications of Dr. S.A. Ostroumov. Diplomas, certificates. Language: English:;**Reviews, evaluations; language: mainly Russian:; 6. AVAILABILITY IN LIBRARIES WORLDWIDE: **Books, other works in University of California, other U.S. and key world schools:; **The U.S.A., Harvard University, and some other institutions:; **The U.S.A., Library of Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT):; **COUNTRIES WORLDWIDE: Availability of the books authored by Dr. S.A.O.: The libraries of a number of countries worldwide acquired the books, have the publications (ecology, environment, biology) by Dr. S. Ostroumov: Ecology, Biology, Environmental Sciences in the libraries of Europe, North America, Asia, Australia, Africa: Denmark, USA, Canada, France, Switzerland, Japan, China, Korea, Belgium, Czech Republic, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Slovakia, United Kingdom, Finland, Poland, Serbia, Turkey, Australia, New Zealand, Netherlands, Singapore, South Africa,Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, and others:; **Papers available in U.S. libraries. Ecology, Environmental Sciences, Aquatic Sciences, Biology. Authored, co-authored by Dr. S.A.Ostroumov:; ** Publications (books, papers) available in U.S. Library: National AgriculturalLibrary (NAL) of USDA. In Catalog: Agricola; 7. CONTRIBUTION TO EDUCATION: **Some of Dr. S. Ostroumov’ s scientific results were used in lectures delivered to university students in the U.S.A., Germany, Netherlands, and other countries. More detail on how Dr. S. Ostroumov’s publications are being used to modernize education: **; **

2 thoughts on “Seafood: New threat to aquaculture of marine mussels … and cultural heritage of Europe”

    1. a popular science story of the research on mollusks:
      Ostroumov S.A. Biological filters are an important part of the biosphere // Science in Russia. 2009. № 2. P. 30-36
      online free, full text:

      [The journal ‘Science in Russia’ is published by the Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences, both in English and in Russian; Nauka Publishers, Moscow; ISSN 0869-7078., ©Russian Academy of Sciences Presidium.]

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